Category Archives: apologetics

Impossibility of Life Coming From Nonlife Frustrates Evolutionists

Let’s consider the following quote:
“Now Imagine 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 blind persons each with a scrambled Rubik cube, and try to conceive of the chance of them all simultaneously arriving at the solved form. You then have the chance at arriving by random shuffling of just one of the many biopolymers [proteins] on which life depends. The notion that not only the biopolymers but the operating programme of a living cell could be arrived at by chance in a primordial organic soup here on the Earth is evidently nonsense of a high order.”

The above quote passionately argues that the first living cell could not have happened by chance. Who do you suppose wrote those words? Could it have been Billy Graham or some other evangelist? Could it have been the Pope or other high Catholic cleric? Could it have been Israel’s chief rabbi or perhaps a leading Muslim imam? No, the man who wrote those words was the famous British astronomer and cosmologist, Sir Fred Hoyle FRS, a self proclaimed atheist. Hoyle, along with many other leading scientists, over the years, did the math on the complexity of the proteins (biopolymers) of the cell. They see that there is a vanishingly small possibility of even one protein forming by random collisions of atoms.

I have a book filled with hundreds of quotes by secular evolutionist scientists that refute evolution. It’s titled: “That Their Words May Be Used Against Them: Quotes from Evolutionists Useful for Creationists” by Henry Morris, Master Books, 1997. These quotes are from evolutionists, who frankly admit the dubiousness of the scientific underpinnings of the Darwinian theory they publicly claim to believe. These are believers in Darwinism who have, nevertheless, expressed serious doubts. Their quotes are devastating to Darwinism and abiogenesis.

Abiogenesis, also called chemical evolution or “life from nonlife” is the claim that the first living cell came into being through the churning of nonliving chemicals in the primordial soup. Abiogenesis is one of many Achilles’ heels of evolution. A study of the current state of abiogenesis reveals that there are many competing hypotheses of how the first living cell could have formed by unguided unintelligent processes in the early earth.

Theories of abiogenesis currently being studied, promoted and debated include: Deep Sea Vent Theory, Eigen’s hypothesis, Wachtershauser’s hypothesis, Radioactive beach hypothesis, “Genes first” models, “Metabolism first” models, Gold’s “Deep-hot biosphere” model and several others. Notice that several of them are called “hypothesis.” In fact, all of them can be called hypotheses. The term, “hypothesis” essentially means they are below the status of a theory. “Hypo” means “below,” hence “below theory.”

A hypothesis is below a theory because a hypothesis is merely a suggested explanation of phenomena without much evidence. A real theory, such as Einstein’s theory of relativity, is based on much evidence. Relativity has been repeatedly tested and proven by experimental science. The hypotheses of abiogenesis make claims about events that allegedly occurred in the distant past. The life from nonlife hypotheses are essentially stories about what may have happened in the early earth. It is art, not science. It is the art of the storyteller. It is educated men making educated guesses.

In fact, Darwinism itself, though often called “the theory of evolution,” is also really just a hypothesis because it has to do with claims of nonrepeatable events alleged to have occurred in the distant past. Micro-evolution is minor changes in the gene pool of livestock caused by cross breeding which ranchers do every day. Macro-evolution is the radical change of one life form into another such as fish to amphibian. Macro-evolution has never been observed in real time.

The very fact that there are many abiogenesis hypotheses is evidence that scientists are divided and confused. Scientists are befuddled by the mind-bogglingly small probability of random collisions of atoms forming a living cell. Also, origin-of-life scientists have not been able to manufacture a living cell in the laboratory. If random formation of life from nonlife were possible by accident in nature, one would certainly expect scientists would be able to build a simple life form in the lab on purpose. They cannot.

The definition of a living organism is that it must be able to eat, excrete and reproduce. A virus is not a living thing because viruses don’t eat or excrete and they depend on a host cell’s DNA to reproduce. The smallest living things are mycoplasmas which are bacteria that don’t have cell walls. Mycoplasmas have cell membranes but no cell walls. This makes many of them immune to antibiotics. Scientists have not been able to build a mycoplasma or any other “simple” bacteria in the lab. The J. Craig Venter Institute recently synthesized DNA and inserted it into a mycoplasma. They did not build artificial life. They did not build a complete mycoplasma nor did they claim to do so.

The DNA of a mycoplasma can contain over three quarters of a million nucleotide base pairs, all precisely sequenced. Microbiologists now know that the simplest cells are constructed using more than 200 distinct proteins. Even an ordinary protein is immensely complex. An average protein is composed of over 400 amino acids arranged in precise sequence. These 200 plus proteins (along with DNA and RNA) then have to be assembled into a living cell.

Such a “simple” cell, with all of its cellular machinery to build proteins, and its ability to reproduce by cell division is more complex than the computer you’re using to read this. To say it could form by chance is a secular leap of faith. Darwinism is a strained hypothesis. Darwinism is faith, not science. The scientific confusion and frustration over abiogenesis is one more reason for the collapse of evolution. Secular evolutionists want us to bet our souls that there is no God. They do it on the basis of weak hypotheses and wishful thinking. I bet my soul that there is a God! “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth” (Gen. 1:1).

Darwinism is the taproot of secularism. When Darwinism goes down, the whole secular edifice falls with it. The wreckage of humanistic denial of God’s law is evident. The rejection of Christian traditional marriage has resulted in broken families, neglected and abandoned children and the mass murder of the preborn. Millions of women are raising their children alone and in poverty.

God created human beings with a purpose and that purpose is to know God and to enjoy Him forever (Westminster Catechism). God has provided for forgiveness of sins by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel. Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies which were written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. The prophets foretold that He would suffer and die and take the penalty of our sins upon Himself. They foretold that Christ would rise from the dead to offer forgiveness of sins to all who repent and call upon Him. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).
5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13).
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer:

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA email:sonshipmes@aol.com
Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: http://www.bnugent.org

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2018 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

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Recent Developments in UFO “Abductions”

Things are getting very bizarre in alien abduction claims these days. People are getting hurt in more ways than one. People are deceived, stressed, fearful and mentally depressed because of alleged UFO “abduction” experiences. We must be prepared to help people get free from this demonic deception.

A recent episode of a TV show titled “Aliens in America” on the Destination America channel featured an interview with alien abduction claimant, Richard Rogers. Rogers claimed that he’s been abducted by aliens several times for what he calls “matrix military scenarios training.”

In a dramatic re-enactment on the TV show, Rogers is depicted as having been abducted into a room filled with people and there was a monster in the form of a giant, fierce looking man who was attacking people in the room and trying to eat the people. Suddenly a sword appeared in Rogers’s hand and he used it to attack the monster who was extremely strong but very slow moving. He slashed the monster to no avail until he moved around behind the monster and slashed his legs. There was another alleged “military training” abduction incident, involving Rogers, that was also dramatized on the show which I will not describe here.

Rogers said that he suddenly feels very sleepy in the afternoon and then lies down and sleeps and then finds himself in this virtual reality type of place where he is confronting some sort of monster. After the experience he wakes in a sweat, often weeping. Rogers, who was plainly confused about the whole thing, thought he was being abducted by aliens and trained to defend the earth.

Rogers seemed melancholy and deeply concerned. The TV show also interviewed his wife who was also troubled by the bizarre abduction experiences of her husband. I felt sorry for them.

Let me put these alleged abduction experiences in the larger context of the satanic deceptions in the age in which we live. Researchers say that there are over one million people who claim to have been abducted. Some claim to have been abducted many times and experience strange things and hear messages. Some claim to have been abducted by “reptilians” and others by “greys.” Alien abduction claims are actually a very recent phenomenon. Before the Barney and Betty Hill alleged abduction incident in 1961, virtually no one had claimed to have been abducted. Now there are over 1,000,000 claimants. You can see how UFO alien deceptions have ramped up in the last few decades. We are truly living in the end-times just before the second coming of Christ.

UFO “abductions” and UFO cults are a major avenue of deception that must be addressed. I don’t believe that Richard Rogers or any others who claim to have been abducted were actually taken aboard a spacecraft. I believe these abductions are nothing more than demonic dreams or visions implanted in unsuspecting people. Demons can put thoughts in human minds.

The Bible describes an instance of the devil giving a vision to a person. When Christ was in the wilderness being tempted by the devil, it is written that the devil “showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time” (Luke 4:5 NASB). Christ, in His temptation experience, was given a vision of all the world’s kingdoms in a moment of time. The devil or Satan gave Christ that vision and tempted Him with it. Of course, Christ rejected the satanic temptation and He continued to live a life without sin.

I have great concern for Richard Rogers and the many other people who are given visions or dreams of being abducted. Many are so deceived that they become obsessed with their experiences and are tormented and led into false belief systems.

There are many instances of people resisting and ending abduction attempts by calling on Jesus for help. The April 2001 issue of Charisma magazine, on page 46 gives details of one such instance. Joe Jordan and Guy Malone, founders of the Christian UFO research ministry, Alien Resistance, have documented hundreds of cases of people stopping alien abduction attempts by calling on Jesus Christ. If you are confronted by demons appearing as UFOs or aliens, tell them to go away in the name of Jesus Christ. Always speak the name of Jesus Christ aloud during the confrontation. The Bible says: “Resist the devil, and he will flee from you” (James 4:7).

UFOs and aliens, whether they appear as reptilians or greys, are actually spirits. They are not flesh and blood astronauts in metal spacecraft. Many UFO researchers, even secular ones, are coming around to see that UFOs and aliens are spirits from the spiritual dimensions of reality.

The claim that UFOs are metal spaceships from Mars or other planets within our solar system was refuted when Mariner 4 took close pictures of Mars in July of 1965. Many scientists expected to see forests, grassy fields, animals and even intelligent beings on Mars. However, Mars was proven to be a cratered wasteland. All the planets beside earth in our solar system are barren. Some UFO researchers continue to claim that UFOs are metal spaceships but from planets in distant star systems.

Let me briefly explain where UFOs come from. UFO researchers are divided into two different viewpoints in explaining UFOs. These viewpoints are the extraterrestrial hypothesis and the interdimensional hypothesis. The extraterrestrial hypothesis is the claim that UFOs are metal spaceships with astronauts from planets in star systems within our own physical universe. The interdimensional view is that UFOs are nonphysical entities or spirits that travel from different dimensions and enter our universe from the unseen spiritual realm.

The interdimensional hypothesis is more consistent with the Bible and the Christian worldview because it can be inferred that the other dimensions from which UFOs travel are the same as the realm of spirit. The Bible certainly teaches about the spirit world.

Christian researchers and some secular researchers reject the extraterrestrial hypothesis and maintain the interdimensional view. Famous secular UFO researcher, Jacques Vallee, holds the interdimensional view. In studying UFOs, I’ve come to believe that we’re dealing with intelligent life not from another planet but from another dimension. It’s not astronauts from outer space but spirit beings from the realm of spirit. Malevolent UFO aliens are demons and they can disguise themselves as humanoid beings or astronauts.

I’m open to the idea that good angels can also appear as lights in the sky or as lights on earth. In the Bible, in Acts 12:7, we read of an angel appearing to the apostle Peter in light. Also remember that Ezekiel, the prophet, saw some bizarre but holy phenomena recorded in the book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament (Ezekiel 1:4-28). Angels are good spirits that inhabit other dimensions. The dimensions they inhabit are the dimensions of the spirit world. I hold to the interdimensional viewpoint.

I regard demonic UFO aliens who travel from the spirit dimensions as generally of the same category as poltergeists, hauntings, occultism, shamanism and other manifestations of evil spirits. I hold this view because the teachings that are transmitted from aliens to leaders of UFO cults are antibiblical and often lead to bizarre behavior such as the Heaven’s Gate mass suicide. Also, the horrific animal mutilations attributed to UFOs in which animals have their blood drained and have organs removed with surgical precision is further evidence of the demonic origin of UFO aliens.

Have no fear of demons appearing as flying saucers or disguised as extraterrestrial humanoid beings. Don’t be deceived by cult groups claiming New Age, extraterrestrial connections and phenomena. The Bible teaches that Christ is above all and every knee must bow before Christ who conquered sin through His death and resurrection. People have thwarted UFO abductions by calling on Jesus Christ for help.

UFO aliens tempt young people with drama and adventure in our present age of rocketry and space exploration. UFO cults lead people to spiritual ruin. UFO abduction theory is just one more thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God. It must be exposed and vigorously refuted.

We must point people to Jesus Christ who came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament Bible prophecies written hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of history can match this claim! Jesus worked miracles in front of eyewitnesses and this is recorded in the Gospels of the New Testament. Miracles continue to be worked today by Christians who rely on the power of Christ.

Jesus suffered and died to take upon Himself the penalty of our sins, thus making atonement. He rose from the dead in victory to offer forgiveness of sins to all who turn to Him in repentance. Call upon Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:

Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus Christ came to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).
3) Repent of your sins and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).
5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

To receive the salvation which Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer:

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart, then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: http://www.bnugent.org

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on the website. {
(C) 2018 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

Biochemistry Professor Refutes Evolution With Irreducible Complexity

by Bill Nugent

 

Michael Behe, Ph. D., professor of biochemistry at Lehigh University and author of Darwin’s Black Box has lectured on the fact that single celled organisms such as bacteria are not only complex but their complexity is irreducible. Irreducible complexity means that if just one component of a complex system is missing then that system is nonfunctional.

    

Dr. Behe claims that the first living cell had to form all at once or not at all. He maintains that it is impossible for a cell to form piece by piece because none of the cell’s parts can function without the others. If a cell bio-chemical, such as DNA, somehow formed by random collisions of atoms it would not last long. The DNA would immediately dissolve because it had no other cell structures to protect it. The fruit of all the amazing (and statistically impossible) chemical coincidences that randomly formed a long chain DNA molecule would be instantly lost.

   

Dr. Behe used the illustration of a mousetrap. A mousetrap consists of a small board, a spring, a bar, a lever, a bait holder and bait. If any part is missing, it won’t function. It won’t perform the simple function of catching a mouse. Now try to imagine a mousetrap forming randomly in nature. By a bizarre coincidence erosion from an iron deposit yields a steel spring attached to a curved steel bar. this naturally formed mechanism somehow, by blind chance becomes attached to a piece of wood. Another piece of metal washes up and gets attached to it and acts like a lever to hold the spring open but since there’s no bait holder or bait the system cannot catch any mice and the whole thing simply rusts away into oblivion.

   

A cell nucleus, mitochondria, protoplasm and other organelles are far more complex than any mousetrap. Each of these cellular organelles, along with their unfathomable complexity of proteins, RNA, DNA and other biochemicals must form simultaneously and then be assembled immediately. For any person to teach that this happened by random, unguided processes enters into the realm of unscientific speculation and storytelling.

   

The concept of irreducible complexity is not limited to the analysis of single celled organisms. Every organ system in every living thing is seen to be irreducibly complex. For instance, the wings of an insect, so exquisitely formed as a miniature flying machine with perfect size, surface area and musculature are useless unless all parts are present and fully formed.

 

The principle of irreducible complexity applies to the retractable fangs, venom bladder, venom ducts and mouth musculature of a rattlesnake.  Partial formation of the fang and poison system of the snake would be disadvantageous and such a freakish, partially formed poisonous snake would be eliminated by natural selection. Therefore a very large number of favorable genetic mutations must occur simultaneously to form a complete fang and bladder system. This is a statistical impossibility.

   

Early in the 20th century researchers irradiated fruit flies in order to cause genetic mutations and bring evolutionary change. Fruit flies have short life spans and many generations can be observed in a short period. The radiation only produced deformed fruit flies and the experiment was abandoned. Famous evolutionist, Richard Goldschmidt, irradiated generations of Gypsy moths and only got dead or deformed moths.

   

I chuckle when I read of the excitement at NASA over the recent discovery of the evidence that water once existed on Mars. Some secularists even express faith that life could have formed on Mars because water was there. Knowing what scientists have discovered about the complexity of “simple” microorganisms, any speculation that life could have formed randomly in water on Mars is just wishful thinking on the part of those who reject God as creator.

   

Dr. Behe has shown through his elucidation of irreducible complexity that life could not have formed randomly. The foundation of Darwinian evolution is therefore totally destroyed. This is just one more proof that there is an intelligent designer of life. The intelligent designer is God.

   

God has spoken to humanity. His revelatory words are recorded in the Bible. The Bible has the ring of truth because it is confirmed by archeology, history, science and manuscript evidence. It is also confirmed by the many predictive prophecies contained in its pages that are authentically and verifiably fulfilled. The natural and supernatural backing of the Bible’s claim to be inspired by God is convincing. The Bible is in a class by itself and no other alleged holy book has anything like the mountain of evidence that confirms that the Bible is inspired by God.

 

Three Major Scientific Issues that Disprove Darwinian Evolution

There were two fleas on the back of a large dog. They were deep in the fur and nestled on the warm skin of the dog. One flea says to the other flea: “Sometimes I wonder if there really is a dog.” (from the cartoon, The Far Side).

 

The evidence for the existence of the dog was all around the fleas. It reminds me of the fact that the evidence for the existence of God is all around people. It seems like we have too much evidence. Sometimes we can’t see the forest because of the trees.

 

Today I’d like to point out three major scientific issues that disprove Darwinian evolution. Why refute Darwinism? Why do I pick on Charles Darwin? It’s because Darwinism is the taproot of secularism. It’s the origins myth of materialistic atheism. Evolution is the cornerstone of the edifice of unbelief. All the errors and brutality of modern society flow out of the rejection of God as creator. Darwinian evolution leads to atheism which leads to lawlessness, fascism, communism, genocide, abortion and sexual immorality.

 

The “Three strikes, you’re out” method of refuting Darwinian evolution focuses on three riddles Darwinism cannot solve. These three riddles are:


1) Due to the extreme complexity of the simplest living cell, the first life could not possibly have formed by random collisions of atoms in the early earth.

 

2) The science of genetics proves that genetic mutations are destructive errors in the DNA and mutations don’t add useful information to the DNA. Mutations degrade and garble genetic coding. New biological structures require new base pairs added to DNA. Evolution has no genetic mechanism to add new structures to living organisms.

 

3) The fossil record shows numerous examples of fossils out of order, including hundreds of examples of modern looking bird and mammal fossils in the Cretaceous dinosaur rock layers.

 

Let’s look closer at each of these three riddles one at a time:

 

Riddle #1:  The first riddle is the fact of the extreme complexity of the simplest living cell. Origin of life biologists can’t even agree on a standard theory of a random process for how DNA, RNA and proteins could have formed by chance and assembled themselves into a living cell. Science works against Darwinism here because the more microbiology progresses, the more it reveals the irreducible complexity and interdependence of structures within the simplest of single-celled organisms.

 

For instance, a single celled algae is able to produce sugars by photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is an extremely complex process involving a multitude of enzymes and co-factors to turn light energy into chemical energy.

 

Seventeen enzymes are required to assemble chlorophyll. Each enzyme is a complex molecule. If one enzyme is missing chlorophyll is not made. There are many other steps in photosynthesis. Darwinists claim photosynthesis came about by accident, by random unguided processes in the early earth. There is, however, no conceivable step by step process that could produce the complex proteins and enzymes and assemble them by happenstance into photosynthesis structures within cells even in a trillion years.

 

Riddle #2:  As the field of modern genetics progresses we learn more and more about mutations to DNA. The DNA molecule is a long string of nucleotide base pairs which contain design information like words in a book. Genetic mutations scramble or delete nucleotide base pairs in the DNA. Darwinism requires the addition of vast amounts of new, precisely ordered information into the DNA. Mutations result in degraded information, garbled information or loss of information but never adding the type of quality information that could have put feathers on a reptile to make a bird. Even mutations that cause duplication of a gene don’t add information but merely duplicate information that was already in the DNA.

 

Mutations are typically caused by radiation or toxic chemicals that interfere with the replication of DNA during cell division. Radiation and toxic chemicals do not bring new nucleotide base pairs into the DNA to add new coding to the DNA. It would take a huge amount of new base pairs added to the DNA, for instance, to add the design of wings to enable a small rodent to evolve into a bat. Not only do thousands of new base pairs have to be added to the DNA but they have to be properly sequenced. Random processes simply cannot do this. The science of genetics is no friend of Darwinian evolution.

 

Riddle #3:  Dr. Carl Werner, in his book Living Fossils gives much evidence, presented in a scholarly, academic way that documents the fact that mammal and bird fossils have been found in the Cretaceous rock layers among dinosaur fossils. Dr. Werner visited sixty natural history museums and ten dinosaur dig sites in seven countries and consulted paleontologists who revealed the finds of owls, ducks, parrots and other modern birds among dinosaur fossils. Mammal fossils have also been found in abundance among dinosaur fossils. The mammal fossils resemble modern squirrels, beavers, primates and many others.

 

Dr. Werner interviewed paleontologist Dr. William Clemons of University of California, Berkeley. Clemons told Werner of the finding of a parrot fossil and many other bird fossils in a dinosaur fossil rock layer. This, of course, is totally inconsistent with Darwinism and refutes the theory. Darwinian evolutionists claim that dinosaurs are the ancestors of birds yet many modern birds are fossilized together with dinosaurs.

 

The fossil record is consistent with the longstanding creationist claim that an intelligent designer, namely the creator God, created all living things in substantially the same forms as they are today. God created life that reproduces “after their kind” (Genesis 1:25). One kind of animal does not reproduce into a different kind of animal.

 

In the three riddles, science is working against Darwinian evolution. New findings in microbiologygenetics and the fossil record are undermining the claims of evolution. The long knives of scientific facts are circling Darwinism and cutting it to pieces. As Darwinian evolution is exposed as inconsistent with documented scientific evidence it is rejected by more and more people. The secularists have no other origins myth to replace the crumbling Darwinian hypothesis.

 

The bottom line is that all people, including scientists, must return to the creator God. I’m pleased and encouraged by the growing number of scientists who have become creationists. Some have affiliated with the  Institute for Creation Research and other creationist organizations. Many secular scientists have become part of the Intelligent Design movement.and have affiliated with The Discovery Institute based in Seattle, Washington.

 

The collapse of Darwinism has caused many people to take a new look at Christianity. When Jesus came to the Jewish people, He worked miracles of healing in the presence of eyewitnesses that proved He was sent by God. Miracles of healing still occur today in meetings held by Christian evangelists and pastors.

 

Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. The prophets foretold that Christ would come and live a sinless life and then suffer and die, taking upon Himself the penalty we deserved for our sins, thereby making atonement. Christ rose from the dead to offer forgiveness of sins to all who call upon Him. Those who receive forgiveness walk with God in a personal one-on-one relationship with God. It’s a love relationship with God. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

 

The Experiment that Shook the World

In 1953 the news flashed around the world that Stanley Miller, Ph. D. had formed amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) by shooting electricity through a simulated early earth atmosphere. This was a bold attempt to try to prove that single-celled organisms such as bacteria could form by random interaction of energy and chemicals.

This experiment was gleefully cited in biology lectures and textbooks all over the world. Secular evolutionists claimed it was proof that life could come from nonliving chemicals. I should point out that Stanley Miller, being a respected biologist, never claimed to have produced “life in a test tube” or anything close. He did claim it was a step in that direction. Miller’s modesty didn’t prevent others from hyping the significance of his experiments.

I remember a discussion of the Miller-Urey experiments in my high school biology class in the early seventies. (They were called Miller-Urey experiments because Miller was assisted by his doctoral mentor, Harold Urey.) Some of the students were persuaded that life could come from nonlife even though it was totally absurd to make such a bold leap of faith.

According to origin of life scientist Walter L. Bradley, Ph.D. and many other learned observers, the experiment contained major flaws that invalidated its results. To begin with, Miller used a simulated atmosphere composed largely of ammonia, methane and hydrogen. It was a very bold assumption on Miller’s part to assume that the early earth atmosphere was composed of these highly reactive gases.

Secondly, Miller isolated the amino acids and protected them from the simulated atmosphere as soon as the amino acids formed. He also formed a large amount of tar or resin. The newly formed amino acids were collected and sequestered. He knew that the amino acids would otherwise be immediately destroyed by the same processes used to form them! Miller stacked the deck very favorably and obtained some very bare chemical building blocks. This did not even remotely prove that life could come from nonlife.

Nevertheless, generations of Americans, indeed, people all over the world, have read in their biology textbooks that this experiment gave some degree of proof to the claim that life could form from random interaction of nonliving molecules. (Life coming from nonlife is also called spontaneous generation or proto-evolution or chemical evolution or abiogenesis.) The Miller-Urey experiment unquestionably served to buttress atheistic materialism and therefore has served to accelerate the secularization of Western Civilization.

As a personal note, I remember talking about God with a young man back when I was in college. The young man resisted my claim that God is creator. He said “Didn’t they form life in a test tube a few years ago?” The young guy was no doubt referring to Miller’s famous experiment.

Miller continued with his experiments but none of his later experiments generated either convincing results or great publicity.

Even if one were to grant that amino acids could form randomly and be preserved, this is still a long, long way from their being gathered together to form a living cell. A living cell is more complex than the computer you’re using to read this! There are about 80 different types of amino acids but only about 20 are found in living organisms. Some amino acids are toxic to living things. The 20 correct amino acids have to be randomly sorted out and then randomly assembled into proteins which are very complex molecules. An average protein is composed of over 400 amino acids arranged in precise order.

A “simple” one-celled organism is composed of at minimum 225 different varieties of proteins, assembled in a structure consisting of cell membrane, protoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus, etc. All of this has to occur by a blind, mindless process in a primordial chemical soup composed of tars and other byproducts that bond more readily to amino acids than amino acids bond to each other!

As the field of microbiology has progressed, the impossibility of single-celled organisms forming by chance is more and more apparent. Microbiologists uncover new layers of cellular complexity with each passing year. There is not even a generally accepted theory in place among origin of life scientists to explain how life could form by chance. Many bizarre theories have been put forward but none has been generally accepted.

Even the illustrious biologist Dean Kenyon of San Francisco State University  repudiated chemical affinity theory. Chemical affinity theory is a theory of life origins that Kenyon once championed. Dean Kenyon had the academic integrity to openly renounce this theory when experiments revealed its flaws.

Finally Stanley Miller himself who, perhaps unwittingly, misled generations of science students, had this to say to Scientific American in the February 1991 issue: “The problem of the origin of life has turned out to be much more difficult than I, and most other people envisioned.” A great understatement indeed!

In order to solve the problem of the origin of life I would exhort Dr. Miller to turn to God. God has created us and God sent His Son Jesus to die in our place to take upon Himself the penalty for our sins so that we can be reconciled to God.

(For much of the material in this article I’m indebted to Lee Strobel’s book The Case for Faith pages 129-151.)

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” Genesis 1:2

Steps to salvation: “Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)

 

To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer:

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”  If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

 

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA  New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback! Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.bnugent.org

The Problem of Evil: Why Does a Good God Allow Evil?

One of the most basic and fundamental questions that any religion or philosophical system must answer is “What is your response to the problem of evil?” Thought systems rise or fall depending on how they deal with the problem of evil.
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Hinduism deals with evil by claiming that the world is “maya” which means “illusion.” Hindu author Jayaram V put it this way: “Our scriptures declare that creation is the play of consciousness.” Yoga Vashista said “The world is nothing but a mere vibration of consciousness in space . . . It is like the marvelous dream of a person who is awake.” (Hinduwebsite.com) If planet earth is a mere illusion then good and evil don’t exist in any real sense.
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The ancient Greek philosophers: the Stoics, the Epicureans and others all wrestled with the contradiction between good and evil. The rationalist philosophers of the early modern era, including Descartes, offered answers to the dilemma. The Empiricist philosophers, the utilitarians and the pragmatists all touched on the problem of evil or wrestled with it down into the mud as they tried to unriddle the universe. In short, humankind has been perplexed by the existence of evil since the dawn of time. However, I will show you that evil is not only not a problem but is actually necessary. I will explain the necessity of evil.
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Who am I to offer my two cents regarding this issue of towering importance? Frankly, it’s not me who loftily opines but rather I will simply and humbly transmit what God has to say through the Bible. The Bible describes and deals with evil on almost every page. The Bible doesn’t whitewash or sugarcoat the problem of evil. The Bible describes evil so plainly that there are some Bible passages we prefer young children not read.
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One thing is clear: the Bible teaches that God created the world good. “And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NASB). Evil entered in as an intruder. God allowed evil to enter in. This is important to understand. God did not do moral evil but merely allowed evil; otherwise God would be morally evil. It is also clear that God created human beings as sentient beings with free moral agency. God didn’t create robots who constantly do good with industrial efficiency without any real choice.
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You can reveal virtue only in the presence of its opposite. Love is ultimately revealed as it is contrasted with hate. Courage is developed and revealed only in the presence of danger, which is evil. Joy is revealed in contrast to depression; compassion is revealed as a loving response to poverty. This brings us not to the problem of evil but the necessity of evil. The presence of evil is necessary to develop character and reveal character in people. Evil is necessary to reveal God’s goodness.
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All of us have gone into a jewelry store and seen a beautiful diamond displayed on a dark velvet panel. A diamond wouldn’t show very well on a white panel. The moral evil in our world is like the dark velvet on which the diamond of God’s holy and loving character is revealed. God would not allow evil to enter into His world for one second unless it was necessary to reveal and develop character in human beings who are free moral agents. God permits us to choose to be good and do good. God also permits us to be evil and do evil. God permits Mother Theresa and Adolf Hitler.
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Imagine if we were to live for all eternity and never know what courage is. Imagine if we never saw love challenged by hate. Would we really know anything about joy and pleasure if we never felt any pain? God created a world in which evil is possible. He allowed evil to flourish for a time in order to reveal good and develop goodness in people who choose goodness. Those who choose evil and refuse to repent and accept the offer of forgiveness of sins through Christ will have their fill of evil in the afterlife in a place of separation from God’s love and mercy. Everyone gets what they choose.
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God will ultimately abolish evil. “And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away” (Revelation 21:4). “And there shall be no more curse” (Revelation 22:3).
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The secular world has abolished the future. You might ask: “How can anyone abolish the future?  Isn’t that a bit absurd?” What I mean is that the atheist existentialist philosophers and Darwinists deny that a human being has any conscious existence after death. Hence, there is no future for any human being. All of the love, joy, courage, generosity, kindness and compassion that is developed and experienced in a lifetime is lost at the moment of death. In this secular thought system, evil makes no sense. In fact good makes no ultimate sense either because all things end when the lights go out at death. This secular futility leads to nihilism and hopelessness. It causes many to become unmoored and turn to drugs and other vices.
 –
Life does make sense and it endures forever. A human lifetime is merely time spent in a womb preparing to be birthed into eternity. God has provided the way to be freed from all evil. God sent His Son Jesus, the Messiah of Israel who came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. The prophets foretold that Christ would come and live a sinless life, teach us God’s wisdom and then suffer and die for us, taking upon Himself the penalty we deserved for our sins. The prophets foretold that Christ would rise from the dead and offer forgiveness of sins to all who turn to Him in repentance. Call upon the name of Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!
Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again”
 (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus Christ came to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).
5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13).
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: 

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.” 

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart, then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website:
 www.bnugent.org

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. <>{
(C) 2017 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

How the “Ancient Aliens” Myth Deceives People

In January of 1973 I was a high school junior and my mind was a toxic swirl of atheism, agnosticism and shallow, legalistic religion. I struggled with anxiety and a touch of obsessive-compulsive disorder. It seemed that each day I leaned one way and then another in my thoughts about religion or rejection of religion. I grimly pursued my classwork amid alcohol induced confusion about origin and destiny.

 

One night I flipped on the TV in our suburban New York home and was treated to a bizarre “documentary” show narrated by none other than Rod Serling of Twilight Zone fame. The show was titled “In Search of Ancient Astronauts” and it presented the opinions of Swiss hotelier turned writer, Erich Von Daniken (1935-    ). It was a biased presentation of Von Daniken’s belief that extraterrestrial spacecraft landed on earth in ancient times and introduced stone cutting technology to the Egyptians and others that aided them in building mega-lithic (big stone) buildings, including pyramids and other structures.

 

I was enthralled by the ancient aliens theory. Some family members and classmates were also persuaded. The ancient aliens theory added a new layer to my tormented and twisted thinking regarding life origins and ultimate destiny.  I remember a big discussion in physics class at school. The teacher was skeptical and refuted much of the evidence Von Daniken presented. Von Daniken is not an archaeologist and his ideas were rejected by professional archaeologists back in the 1970s and still are today.

 

Despite academic rejection, the ancient aliens ideas of Von Daniken and Zecharia Sitchin and others have gained great traction in popular culture and are extremely dangerous. Von Daniken wrote the book Chariots of the Gods in 1968 and followed with a series of books with a similar message. His first book, Chariots of the Gods, has the subtitle “Was God an astronaut?” That subtitle reflects a blasphemous undercurrent to the ancient aliens theory.

 

I saw a segment on a History Channel “Ancient Aliens” show in which a presenter claimed that the revelations given to Moses in the Sinai were given by extraterrestrial beings or what could be called ancient astronauts. Your first reaction may be that such an assertion is so far fetched that no one could believe it. However, millions of people ascribe to the ancient aliens theory and many have rejected the God of the Bible as a result. I also was deceived for a while. Von Daniken and Sitchin’s books have sold over 75 million copies in more than 40 languages.

 

We must be prepared to confront “speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God” (2 Corinthians 10:5 NASB). Fortunately, the ancient aliens theory and the entire extraterrestrial edifice is very easy to refute. Australian archaeologist Clifford Wilson has written two excellent books refuting Von Daniken titled Crash Go the Chariots and The Chariots Still Crash. Other authors and researchers have refuted the ancient aliens theory. Interestingly, even Von Daniken himself has changed his opinion on some of his alleged evidence. He no longer believes the Easter Island mega-liths or the iron pillar of Delhi were influenced by extraterrestrials.

 

To be fair, I will point out that the History Channel does occasionally present the views of researchers who reject the ancient aliens theory. One segment mentioned that the design for an ancient sculpture that was alleged to be a depiction of a spacecraft could have been received in a “shamanistic state.” In other words the ancient artist didn’t really see a metal spaceship from another planet but saw some kind of nonmaterial apparition. A shamanistic state is an altered state of consciousness due to occultic or narcotic influence.

 

Let me briefly explain where UFOs come from. UFO researchers are divided into two different viewpoints in explaining UFOs. These viewpoints are the extraterrestrial hypothesis and the interdimensional hypothesis. The extraterrestrial hypothesis is the claim that UFOs are metal spaceships with astronauts from planets in star systems within our own physical universe. The interdimensional view is that UFOs are nonphysical entities or spirits that travel from different dimensions and enter our universe from the unseen spiritual realm.

 

The interdimensional hypothesis is more consistent  with the Bible and the Christian worldview because it can be inferred that the other dimensions from which UFOs travel are the same as the realm of spirit. The Bible certainly teaches about the spirit world.

 

Christian researchers and some secular researchers reject the extraterrestrial hypothesis and maintain the interdimensional view. Famous secular UFO researcher, Jacques Vallee, holds the interdimensional view. In studying UFOs, I’ve come to believe that we’re dealing with intelligent life not from another planet but from another dimension. It’s not astronauts from outer space but spirit beings from the realm of spirit. Malevolent UFO aliens are demons and they can disguise themselves as humanoid beings or astronauts.

 

I’m open to the idea that good angels can also appear as lights in the sky or as lights on earth. In the Bible, in Acts 12:7, we read of an angel appearing to the apostle Peter in light.. Also remember that Ezekiel, the prophet, saw some bizarre but holy phenomena recorded in the book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament (Ezekiel 1:4-28). Angels are good spirits that inhabit other dimensions. The dimensions they inhabit are the dimensions of the spirit world. I hold to the interdimensional viewpoint.

 

The ancient aliens theory promoted by Von Daniken, Sitchins and the History Channel is based on the spurious claim that UFOs are metal spaceships from planets in distant star systems. They hold to the extraterrestrial hypothesis.

 

I regard demonic UFOs who travel from the spirit dimensions as generally of the same category as poltergeists, hauntings, occultism, shamanism and other manifestations of evil spirits. I hold this view because the teachings that are transmitted from aliens to leaders of UFO cults are antibiblical and often lead to bizarre behavior such as the Heaven’s Gate mass suicide. Also, the horrific animal mutilations attributed to UFOs in which animals have their blood drained and have organs removed with surgical precision is further evidence of the demonic origin of UFOs.

 

Have no fear of demons appearing as flying saucers or disguised as extraterrestrial humanoid beings. Don’t be deceived by cult groups claiming New Age, extraterrestrial connections and phenomena. The Bible teaches that Christ is above all and every knee must bow before Christ who conquered sin through His death and resurrection. There are instances in which people have thwarted UFO abductions by calling on the name of Jesus Christ for help.

 

The ancient astronaut theory offers great appeal to young people in our present age of rocketry and space exploration. The ancient astronaut theory is just one more thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God. It must be exposed and vigorously refuted.

 

We must point people to Jesus Christ who came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament Bible prophecies written hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of history can match this claim! Jesus worked miracles in front of eyewitnesses and this is recorded in the Gospels of the New Testament. Miracles continue to be worked today by Christians who rely on the power of Christ.

 

Jesus suffered and died to take upon Himself the penalty of our sins, thus making atonement. He rose from the dead in victory to offer forgiveness of sins to all who turn to Him in repentance. Call upon Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

 

Steps to salvation:

Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.

2) Believe that Jesus Christ came to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).

3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).

4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).

5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13). To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: 

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.” 

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart, then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA

Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!  Info and ordering link available at his website: www.bnugent.org 

(C) 2017 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.