The Lack of Beneficial DNA Mutations is Troubling

There are over seven billion people alive on earth today. The DNA of all people is well over 99% similar. The less than one percent difference is in minor details including skin color and facial features. The “races” are each fully human and there is no subspecies of humans possessing markedly different DNA.
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Darwinian evolutionists claim that humans evolved from an ape-like common ancestor that lived 5 to 7 million years ago and they claim that the chimpanzee is our nearest animal relative. Evolutionists claim that evolution is still occurring today among humans. They claim that human evolution is driven by beneficial DNA mutations. Where are all the beneficial mutations?
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I did several web searches, including “beneficial human mutations” and “genetic mutation disease.” What I found was extremely revealing and it served to severely undermine the theory of Darwinian evolution.
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Let’s start with an article from an evolutionist. I read an article titled: “Evolution is Still Happening: Beneficial Mutations in Humans” by Adam Lee which is posted on an evolutionist blog. He describes a total of five beneficial human mutations:
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1) The mutation, Apolipoprotein AI-Milano gives resistance to heart disease.
2) Mutation to the LRP5 gene gives greater bone density and resistance to osteoporosis and fractures.
3) Mutation to Hbs gene gives resistance to malaria but two copies gives the dreaded sickle cell anemia. (Why is this on a list of beneficial mutations?)
4) Mutation to HbC gene gives resistance to malaria and two copies gives greater resistance to malaria but also gives mild anemia.
5) His fifth example is the rare Tetrachromatic vision mutation for which he mentions one study in which at least one woman had a mutation giving her four color discriminating cones in her eyes which gives her greater color discrimination.
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Adam Lee includes the following absurd claim that these “beneficial mutations are the raw material that may, in time, be taken up by natural selection and spread through the population.” One could argue that the above mutations do confer a limited degree of advantage and survivability of offspring. To claim that such mutations “spread through the population” is to give the impression that mutations simply spread through a gene pool like an infectious disease!
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Mutations to DNA are transmitted to other humans by only one mechanism, namely, reproduction. Those with a beneficial mutation will enjoy a slightly higher degree of survival and produce more offspring that survive. For any beneficial mutation to predominate in the human gene pool and advance humans one small step in evolution would require hundreds of generations. During these hundreds of generations, the unfortunate humans without the beneficial mutation would gradually die off and gradually be replaced by the humans with the slightly higher survivability rate. The gene pool would then have the beneficial mutation as a feature in the genes of all humans.
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Why do I insist that the beneficial mutation be substituted into the DNA of all humans? That’s because, as mentioned above, the DNA of all of the human race is over 99% similar and there is no subspecies of humans with DNA containing significant beneficial mutations that would set them apart. This scientifically verified uniformity of the gene pool shows that any alleged evolution in the past must have resulted in substitution of genetic mutations into the entire gene pool of 7 billion humans spread across six continents.
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All humans have the same brain structure; all have thumbs as opposing finger digits; all have the same knee structure that facilitates walking upright; all have hair on the head but little to no hair on the body. All people are remarkably similar whether from northern Sweden or central Africa. All people groups can intermarry and reproduce.
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The long complex process of a beneficial mutation being substituted into a gene pool is a feature of population genetics. The fact that it takes hundreds of generations to fully substitute a mutation into a population has been calculated by Haldane and others. The fact that 7 million years is not enough time to substitute the millions of mutations needed to change an ape into a human is called Haldane’s Dilemma after evolution researcher, J. B. S. Haldane.
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Let’s look at Adam Lee’s list of beneficial mutations. I find the mutation that causes greater bone density to be especially intriguing. Let’s look at what’s really going on in the human gene pool of 7 billion individuals. Do people with this bone density mutation reproduce at a higher rate than others? Are they having ten or twelve children in their families? Adam Lee’s article mentions only one family in the Midwestern United States with this mutation and he says nothing about their reproduction rate. Does a guy say “Give me a gal with dense bones and I’ll marry her and we’ll have twelve kids!”?
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What about the mutation that gives resistance to heart disease? It benefits middle aged people. People die of heart disease in their fifties and later and that’s long after they have kids. How would that mutation influence their rate of reproduction?
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Does observational science see any of these or other beneficial mutations gradually being substituted into the human gene pool? Is there a subspecies of humans developing with beneficial mutations and becoming a master race? (Don’t ask the Germans!) The answer is a resounding no! Beneficial mutations are few, isolated and not much more than curiosities.
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I also did a web search on genetic mutation diseases. I had read in an article that there are thousands of diseases caused by bad mutations. I thought surely “thousands” of such diseases was an exaggeration. That is until I web searched such diseases. I found a Wikipedia site that  gave an extremely long list of genetic mutation related diseases.
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I’ve heard of Down syndrome and cystic Fibrosis but what about Noack syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type II, Menkes disease and Menkea syndrome? The list, tragically, goes on and on! It shows that bad mutations overwhelmingly outnumber the good. This is just further evidence that mutations are no mechanism for uphill evolutionary change.
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The bottom line is that observational science clearly shows that beneficial mutations are rare, only slightly advantageous to reproduction rates and can’t dominate in the human gene pool due to Haldane’s dilemma even if millions of years are claimed.
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The more the science of genetics progresses, the more it reveals the mind boggling complexity of human DNA as an information storage and retrieval system. Science shows that such a complex system as DNA is seldom improved by tweaks caused by mutations. Studies overwhelmingly show that genetic mutations are destructive errors that scramble or delete pre-existing information in the DNA. Most importantly, researchers have discovered that mutations, whether good or bad, almost never add new information to the DNA. Some researchers say that mutations never add new information to DNA.
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The best scientific evidence shows that complex, interdependant biological systems are evidence of deliberate intelligent design. This design argument is called the teleological argument for the existence of a designer. I maintain that life was designed and built by an intelligent designer who is the Creator God. God created sentient beings, called humans, for a purpose. That purpose is to love God and to enjoy Him forever.
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Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies that were written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of world history can make this claim. The prophecies foretold that Christ would suffer and die, taking the penalty of our sins upon Himself, thus making atonement. The prophecies foretold that He would rise from the dead and that He would offer forgiveness of sins to all who repent and call upon Him. Turn to Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!
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Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.”
(John 3:7)
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1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

,
Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: www.gracelawandsonship.com
Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. <>{
(C) 2016 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

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The Most Dramatic Prophecy in the Bible

The Bible contains literally thousands of predictive prophecies. Predictive prophecy and accurate fulfillment of prophecy sets the Bible apart from all other holy books of all other faiths. No other sacred writings of any other faith compares with the Bible’s record of prophecy and fulfillment! In this article we’ll explore what can be considered the most dramatic of all Bible prophecies. This prophecy was so important and crucial that Gabriel, the archangel, appeared to the prophet and spoke the prophetic words directly to him!
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Of the more than 300 prophecies in the Old Testament that predict the coming of the Messiah very few actually use the word “Messiah” [Hebrew: “mashiach”]. Most of the prophecies speak of the Messiah in figurative or metaphorical terms. Even fewer prophecies predict the exact time of the coming of the Messiah.
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There is, however, a powerful prophecy consisting of just four verses, found in the book of Daniel, that uses the word “Messiah” twice and also predicts the time of the coming of the Messiah. This same short prophecy also gives crucial information about the future antichrist. I consider it to be the most dramatic prophecy in the Bible.
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Daniel was one of the three prophets to the Jewish people during the time of the exile. Israel had been conquered by the Babylonians in the sixth century BC and the Jews were exiled to the land of Chaldea of which Babylon was capitol. God did not leave His chosen people without prophetic witness. Jeremiah was the prophet to the few remaining Jews who were in the land of Israel. Ezekiel was out in the countryside of Chaldea by the river Chebar. Daniel was in the capitol city, in the king’s court, ministering to the Jews in exile there.
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In the ninth chapter of Daniel we find that Daniel had read in the writings of Jeremiah that Jerusalem would be desolate for 70 years. The 70 years of exile were almost over. By this time, Daniel was an old man, Jeremiah was long dead and Ezekiel had also gone to his reward years earlier. Daniel didn’t just say “Finally, the 70 years are over, let’s pack our bags for the trip back to Jerusalem!” Instead he prayed a lengthy humble prayer of repentance and asked God to restore Jerusalem. This is called praying the promises or birthing prophetic fulfillments through prayer.
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After Daniel’s prayer, Gabriel the archangel appeared to Daniel and gave him a prophetic prediction of great things to come. I’d say that’s pretty dramatic. Gabriel appeared to Daniel and spoke the words of the prophecy directly to him! This most dramatic prophecy in all the Bible is recorded in four verses, namely Daniel 9:24-27.  This prophecy, like most Bible prophecies, is in the form of a riddle. How are you at crossword puzzles, Daniel?
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Why does God speak in riddles? He could have just said: “The coming Messiah will be named Jesus, He will be born in Bethlehem and be raised in Nazareth.” God speaks in riddles because He doesn’t want everyone to understand. God doesn’t want the devil to understand and He doesn’t want people who hate God to understand prophecy. God is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him, yet only those who are enabled by grace will understand the riddles.
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Nevertheless, Daniel 9:24-27 is among the easiest riddles to understand. More importantly it gives the timing of the fulfillment of its predictions and that is rare in prophecy. The main subjects dealt with in this prophecy are sin, atonement for sin, righteousness, the temple, Jerusalem, the Messiah, the death of Messiah, the destruction of the temple, a great war, the antichrist and desolations made by the antichrist. That’s a lot of territory to cover in just four verses!
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 9:24 “Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.

25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.
26 Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate”  (all quotes are from The New American Standard Bible)
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The timing is given very clearly in the opening words of Daniel 9:24: “Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city.” The weeks are weeks of years or “septads.” The Jews had a sabbath year every seventh year. They measured years in septads like we use decades. Seventy weeks equals 70 x 7 years or 490 years.
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Now consider the lofty accomplishments that God expected of His chosen people during those 490 years. They were commanded “to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place” (Dan. 9:24).The Jews were commanded to accomplish all of that in 490 years!!! How can sinners “finish the transgression” or make an “end of sin”? With all due respect for the Jewish people, I have to point out that the Jews are mere mortals that are not perfect and they fall into sin. Their sins are what got them exiled to Chaldea in the first place! How can they end sin?
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I will show how the Jews, or rather one particular Jew, did in fact, end sin as this prophecy predicted. This Jew, Jesus of Nazareth, also made atonement for iniquity. More on that later.
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Also notice that the phrases seem to be repetitive. The phrase “finish the transgression” is essentially the equivalent of “make an end of sin.” In Hebrew, emphasis is made by repetition. In Isaiah 6:3 the holiness of God is emphasized by the repetition “Holy, Holy, Holy.” So we see in Daniel 9:24 that the phrases seem repetitive and this is to highly emphasize the importance of finishing the transgression, ending sin, atoning for sin and bringing in everlasting righteousness.
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How did the Jews atone for sin? They offered animal blood sacrifices in the temple as God commanded in Leviticus. Animal sacrifices had ceased because of the Babylonian conquest of Israel. The command in Daniel 9:24 “to anoint the most holy place” is a prediction of  the rebuilding of the temple which was in ruins when Daniel received this prophecy. When the temple would be rebuilt, animal sacrifices could be resumed.
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The prophecy continues in Daniel 9:25-26a. “So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing.”
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Daniel 9:25 sections off 7 weeks and 62 weeks. Seven weeks of years after the decree was issued to rebuild Jerusalem, (i.e. 49 years after the decree of Artaxerxes in 444 BC, recorded in Nehemiah 2:1-8) the city and the temple were rebuilt. Then a 62 week period (434 years) is given after which “the Messiah will be cut off.” “Cut off” is an expression meaning death and so we have a clear prediction of the timing of the death of the Messiah!
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Do the math and you’ll see that from 444 BC, the 7 weeks and the 62 weeks (which equals 69 weeks or 483 years) brings us to about 33 AD. It is important to note that, in doing the math, one has to adjust the length of each year to be 360 days to conform to the ancient lunar calendar. If you multiply 483 times 360 it comes to 173,880 days. Starting at March 5, 444 BC the 173,880 days takes us to April 6, 33 AD. (See Josh McDowell’s book, The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict.) What prominent leader was “cut off” (killed) in 33 AD? The obvious answer is Jesus. This prophetic chronology is clear evidence that infers that Jesus of Nazareth is the promised Messiah of Israel!!!
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This prophecy deals with the two biblical methods for atonement for sins, animal blood sacrifice and the sacrifice of the Messiah. The temple was predicted to be rebuilt so that Old Testament animal blood atonement could be made. This prophecy also predicted that the Messiah would die. The death of the Messiah is the means of New Testament atonement for sins. Jesus died for our sins. When Jesus suffered and died, He took upon Himself the penalty for our sins. The New Testament atonement fulfills and supercedes the Old Testament means of atonement. Jesus offered His blood and so we no longer offer animal blood.
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Jesus was crucified and raised from the dead after the 69 weeks which means during the 70th week. The 70 weeks are over. Did the Jews “finish the transgression” and “make an end of sin”? I would say that the Jews did accomplish this because Jesus was the perfect Jew. Jesus represented the Jews before God. Jesus kept the Law of Moses perfectly and in essence fulfilled Israel’s side of the covenant of Sinai. Jesus ended sin. He atoned for sin. He redeemed all humanity from sin!
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Jesus brought in everlasting righteousness because all who trust in Him for salvation are given the new birth in which our human spirits are regenerated and given a new sinless,righteous nature. The spirit of a born again Christian is already experientially righteous. The soul of a born again Christian is being sanctified and the body of a born again Christian will be perfected at the resurrection of the righteous dead.
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In Daniel 9:26, after the phrase “Messiah will be cut off” the words: “and have nothing” appear. The phrase, “and have nothing” has always intrigued me. It means that Jesus did not have an earthly kingdom manifesting at the time of His death (see John 18:36). The political, earthly taking of the throne of David did not occur at His first coming but will occur at Jesus’s second coming.
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The phrase “and have nothing”, meaning that Jesus, the true Messiah would have nothing, is a crucial dividing line in this prophecy. There’s no prediction here of Jesus’s resurrection. His resurrection is prophesied elsewhere in the Old Testament. In this prophecy we see the rejection of Christ. The words that follow immediately after the phrase “and have nothing” refer to the antichrist. So we see the death of Christ and the rise of the antichrist in this prophecy with no explanatory transitional words. Remember, this is prophecy; it is a riddle; it is not ordinary prose.
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The remainder of Daniel 9:26 and all of 9:27, predict the activity and ultimate end of the antichrist. This prediction concerns future events. The antichrist has not yet appeared on the scene of world events as of 2015. I believe that we are living in what the Bible calls “the last days” and the antichrist will soon arrive on the political scene.
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Daniel 9:26 goes on to state that the city (Jerusalem) and the temple would be destroyed by the people of the coming prince (the antichrist): “and the people of the prince [the antichrist] who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined” (Dan. 9:26b). The Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 70 AD utilizing troops whose ethnic background could be the same as that of the coming antichrist. According to Josephus, the Roman troops who destroyed the city and the temple were legions that were raised in Syria and other parts of southwest Asia. This could indicate that the coming antichrist will be a Syrian or Arab. Some commentators, citing this and other scriptural references, claim that the antichrist will be of Muslim background.
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When the temple was destroyed in 70 AD, the Jews lost the place to offer animal blood sacrifices. Animal sacrifices were, by that time, obsolete. The death and resurrection of the Messiah superceded the animal sacrificial system.
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Daniel 9:27 says that “he [antichrist] will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering.” This implies that there will be a temple built in Jerusalem in the near future in which animal sacrifices and grain offerings will be reinstituted. A sect of Judaism, The Temple Mount Faithful, has been preparing for decades to rebuild the temple in modern Israel. Such a temple would be a false temple and sacrifices offered in it would be false sacrifices because Jesus fulfilled the sacrificial system in His death and resurrection on our behalf. Animal blood sacrifices are now obsolete and inappropriate. The seven year covenant that the antichrist makes with Israel will be the “covenant with death”  of Isaiah 28:18.
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There will be a false messiah making a false covenant, ending false sacrifices in a false temple. Dramatic indeed!
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The New Testament in Second Thessalonians 2:3-4 speaks of the man of lawlessness who will take his seat in the temple of God and claim to be God. That would desecrate the temple and cause sacrifices to cease. Revelation 13:5 indicates that the beast (antichrist) will have authority to act for 42 months. Forty two months is exactly half of the seven year (one week of years) of the duration of the antichrist’s covenant. The final words of Daniel 9:27 speak of this antichrist figure who will bring terrible desolations and that a complete destruction will be poured out upon him.
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“On the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate” (Daniel 9:27b). The phrase “on the wing of abominations” is interesting and it refers to the fact that the animal sacrifices offered in the temple will be abominations. Such animal sacrifices are an implicit denial of the one great sacrifice, the death of Messiah, that made final atonement for sin.
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The antichrist essentially desecrates a temple that is itself a desecration. It is a compound error that takes sin to its extreme. Abominable sacrifices will be offered in the false temple before the antichrist even arrives to make the ultimate desolation. Complete destruction is then poured out on the antichrist.
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After these dramatic future events, the true Messiah, Jesus, will come again and “all Israel will be saved” (Romans 11:26). The Jewish people will “look on Me [Messiah] whom they have pierced” (Zech. 12:10) and receive Jesus as Savior and follow Him as Lord.
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This most dramatic of all Bible prophecies covers a whole lot of territory. It gave the command for the Jews to end sin and they were helpless to do it. So God sent the Messiah to “remove the iniquity of that land in one day” (Zech. 3:9) and “His own arm brought salvation to Him” (Isaiah 59:16). Perhaps most dramatic of all, is that the prophecy in Daniel 9:24-27 gives the timing of the coming of the Messiah with unmistakable clarity. It went on to warn of the coming of the antichrist and the desolations he will bring.
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All Israel and indeed all the world is forever warned to choose Jesus Christ who made true atonement for sin and to reject the antichrist. The antichrist is coming and when he comes there will be great drama in Israel as people will be forced to make the ultimate choice between Christ or antichrist! Pray to receive Jesus Christ into your heart today!
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Steps to salvation:
Yeshua said “Ye must be born again.”
(John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you to take upon Himself the penalty for your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

,
Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
(c) 2015 William P. Nugent Permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: www.gracelawandsonship.com

The Wisdom of the East Compared to the Wisdom of the West

A right understanding of the differences between the wisdom of the east and the wisdom of the west will help bring many things into proper focus. Eastern wisdom ultimately stems from eastern religion. Eastern religion, such as Hinduism, is generally pantheistic. Pantheism is the belief that all things are essentially of the same essence or substance as God. Hindu pantheism leads to the belief that since all things are manifestations of God, then all things are sacred.

Other eastern faiths such as Buddhism, Shintoism and Sikhism are similar to Hinduism in many respects. Pagan faiths of other areas of the world such as African Animism, North American Wiccan faith and New Age occultism also have points in common with Hinduism. Almost all eastern religions and sects are pantheistic or have pantheistic tendencies.

The eastern belief that all things are sacred is one reason why experimental science never originated in the east. No one wanted to do experiments on sacred things. Nobody wanted to cut up an object if they believed that God is infused into that object. In Hinduism, cows and certain other animals are considered especially sacred because of the belief that they are closer to Brahma. Experiments weren’t done on animals because of the belief that people could be reincarnated as animals.

The belief that all things are manifestations of God is called theological monism or “oneness.” It is the belief that all existence consists of one essence. In some Hindu sects this essence is believed to manifest in numerous deities. In some pagan cultures if a stream was dammed, sacrifices had to be offered to appease the deities. Not only was experimental science not practiced in such cultures but even ordinary engineering was hindered because of fear of offending the deities.

In western religion, which is the Judeo-Christian faith, God is seen as transcendant and separate from His creation. This is metaphysical dualism, the duality of creature and Creator. The Bible gives the worldview in which experimental science is possible. The Bible teaches that the Creator God is rational, He establishes fixed rational laws and He created an orderly universe separate from Himself. Man is created in God’s image and shares God’s rationality and can think God’s thoughts after Him which is to do science.

The book of Genesis records that the first man, Adam, did the work of a scientist. God had Adam name the animals (Gen. 2:19-20) and this is the scientific field of taxonomy which is the naming and classifying of things.

Experimental science arose in post-reformation Europe. The fundamental breakthroughs in the major branches of experimental science occurred in Europe in the 1600s. All of the founders of the major branches of science were Bible believing Christian men such as Isaac Newton (physics), Francis Bacon (the scientific method) and Robert Boyle (chemistry) to name a few. (See book: Men of Science, Men of God by Henry M. Morris.)

The historical fact that scientific breakthroughs occurred in Europe in the 1600s was no coincidence. The 1500s saw major changes in Christian practice brought about by the Protestant Reformation. The 1600s was the first century in which the Bible was generally available to all classes of people across an entire continent (Europe).

The fact that the Bible gave us western civilization and gave rise to experimental science which in turn gave us an immense variety of labor saving conveniences including the computer I’m using to write this, is a kind of proof of the truth of the Bible. Since the Bible gives truths that so wonderfully impact the physical scientific world we can infer that the Bible’s teachings about spiritual things are also true.

Consider another invention that comes directly from the Bible. This one may surprise you. The Bible gave us the weekend. That’s right, the fact that you have every Saturday and Sunday off is a result of the Bible’s teaching on the Sabbath. God commanded the ancient Jews to rest every seventh day. Saturday is the seventh day of the week but since many Christians worship on Sunday because that is the day Jesus rose form the dead, we also take Sundays off.

Paganism had no Sabbath. The ancient Roman stoic philosopher, Seneca, wrote his opinion that the Hebrews waste one seventh of their lives in their Sabbath rest. He and the other Roman pagans rejected the Sabbath principle. The ancient Romans worked their slaves to death seven days a week. Those hapless Celtic, Gallic, Teutonic, Semitic and Slavic tribesmen that were captured in Rome’s many campaigns suffered horrid oppression, especially those enslaved in agriculture, mining and construction. Only household slaves got better treatment. Caesar would declare a holiday from time to time. Those are the famous “Roman holidays” of lore. But Caesar’s holidays came at irregular intervals and gave no regular assurance of rest.

Now all the world takes weekends off, except for people who work in essential services such as health care and law enforcement. Even essential service people get one or two regular days off per week. The whole world, even east Asia and Africa, follows the Bible in this regard. Muslims got their Friday sabbath principle ultimately from the Bible. The biblical sabbath principle is the law of the land everywhere. This too is proof of the Bible’s wisdom.

Here’s another Bible revelation: the concept of the secular. You read that right, the Bible gives us the secular world. The word “secular” is derived from the Latin word for “world.” It is the concept of the nonsacred. Eastern paganism had no concept of the secular. All is sacred in a pantheistic faith. In biblical thought God is separate from His creation and therefore the creation itself is not sacred. Human beings are sacred because the Bible teaches that people are created in the image of God.

When Nazi Germany was overthrown in 1945 the Allies found huge quantities of papers and photos detailing the Nazi experiments on human beings. Those experiments, ghastly as they were, could have shed light on treatment of disease. The Allies decided to destroy the material because humans are sacred and such experiments were crimes against humanity.

Western, biblical thought allows experimentation on nature but not on people. In Genesis, God gave Adam and Eve dominion over nature and commanded them to subdue it. This is the birth of the concept of the secular and the birth of science.

It is ironic that in our own time, as the falling away from the Christian faith continues in the west, those that attack Christianity the fiercest are atheistic secularists who don’t even realize that the biblical worldview is the worldview that birthed the secular! The Christian concept of the secular birthed science yet science is the tool that secularists use to attack Christianity!

Western culture has in recent generations fallen away from Christianity and has morphed into secularism. Secularism is a radical embrace of the secular. We saw earlier that the pantheistic eastern faiths regarded all things as sacred and science was stifled. The pantheistic claim that all things are sacred is the opposite pole from radical secularism in which nothing is sacred.

In a society which is fully secular, human beings are not considered sacred and they can be oppressed and even murdered with impunity. Secularists deny God and reject God’s law and they have no transcendant source of absolute morals. The secular mindset of 20th century western civilization gave rise to the totalitarian political philosophies of communism and fascism. The modern, educated, sophisticated, secular 20th century was the most violent and oppressive of all centuries. Secularists have also been major supporters of abortion. Millions of the preborn are murdered by abortion each year.

Eastern pantheism also resulted in brutal oppression of human beings because in a society in which all things are sacred, people are on the same level as animals and can be treated like animals. People are sometimes less sacred than animals in some eastern faiths. This caused the rise of eastern despotism. Eastern governments were never democratic. Democratic governments were planted in India and Japan by western powers.

The two extremes are as follows: eastern pantheism has no basis for science and western secularism has no basis for morals. If everything is sacred there is no science; if nothing is sacred there is no civilization. The Soviet Union collapsed because there was no basis for morals. The Soviet oppression of people was so stifling that it eventually caused even the leaders to abandon hope in communist utopianism.

The Bible is proven to be God’s holy book because of the supernatural revelatory wisdom from God contained in its pages. The Bible gave rise to western civilization and the concepts of the sacredness of human life, the dignity of man and human freedom. The Bible’s concept of the secular gave the grounds for the rise of science.

The Bible contains thousands of predictive prophecies that have been fulfilled down through history. Jesus Christ, the promised Messiah of Israel, came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies. Jesus worked miracles during his ministry and miracles still occur today in His name. Christ lived a life of perfect holiness and taught us great things and then died for our sins and rose from the dead. We receive forgiveness of sins through Christ alone because He alone died for our sins. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty for your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2015 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish if credit given.

Proof that Genetic Mutations are Not a Mechanism for Evolution

Darwinists claim that the accumulation of favorable genetic mutations is how humans evolved from “goo to you by way of the zoo.” Recent advances in the science of genetics, especially the mapping of the human genome (DNA) and the mapping of animal genomes, has exposed the impossibility of mutations of being a Darwinian change mechanism.

You may remember from biology class that the DNA of humans and animals is composed of long chains of nucleotide base pairs. The base pairs are like the letters of an alphabet that contain information and that information is the design or body plan of the organism. A mutation is a change in the order or “sequence” of the base pairs or an elimination of base pairs or a duplication of base pairs.

All sides agree that mutations are rare and the large majority of mutations are either unfavorable or neutral. Of extreme importance to note is that mutations don’t add new information to the DNA. Mutations simply shuffle or delete pre-existing information. Mutations garble information. You’ve heard on the news that a virus has mutated but they often neglect to say that the mutation of the virus DNA resulted in a net loss of information in the virus DNA. No mutation has been shown to result in a net addition of information. No mutation adds base pairs except in cases of duplication of genes. Genetic duplication is simply giving the DNA an extra copy of the gene. It is not new information.

Some Darwinian scientists may be so bold as to claim that in rare instances mutations add new information to the DNA. However, the evidence furnished by real operational genetic science is against them.

Now let’s look at a simple illustration. In the jungle of East Africa there is an australopithecine ape. Evolutionists would call it a proto-human or prehuman. It walks on all fours and is just starting to leave the jungle and hunt in the surrounding fields. According to Darwinism it’s on its way to evolving into a human. Let’s say that a genetic mutation involving just 52 base pairs is about to happen to a gamete cell (reproductive cell such as egg or sperm) in the ape that will affect the design of the knee in the future offspring of the ape. The knee is the most complex and finely tuned joint in the ape’s body.

The design of an ape’s knee is likely determined by the sequence of thousands or perhaps tens of thousands of base pairs in the DNA. For simplicity let’s say that a reshuffling of just 52 base pairs can substantially alter knee structure in this ape’s offspring that will enable it to walk slightly more upright. But those 52 base pairs have to be shuffled into just the right sequence to affect the design of the knee in this advantageous way.

Fifty two happens to be the number of cards in a deck of ordinary playing cards. Let’s say that the reshuffling of the 52 base pairs to put the base pairs in a precise advantageous sequence is like shuffling a deck of cards and getting all four suits of cards in straight flush. Imagine shuffling cards and getting the hearts all in order: 2 of hearts, 3 of hearts, 4 of hearts all the way up to queen, king and ace of hearts and then the same for diamonds, clubs and spades.

Let’s say that radiation hits the gamete, causing a mutation involving 52 base pairs and the base pairs are reshuffled. The DNA doesn’t gain information but the preexisting information is garbled and it affects the design of the knee in a way that enables the ape offspring to walk slightly more upright. What is the probability of this actually happening in nature? That is a very big and important question!

Darwinism says that evolution is an unguided process involving genetic mutations that happen by blind chance. Natural selection then sorts out the products of blind chance and eliminates the weak. Natural selection is not a guiding mechanism but is a sorting mechanism.

Get out a deck of cards and start shuffling. Did you shuffle and get all four suits in straight flush? No? Let’s try again and again. Let’s calculate the odds of getting a 52 card straight flush. What is the chance that the first card in a newly shuffled deck comes out to be a 2 of hearts? That’s easy, it’s 1 in 52. You shuffle your deck 52 times and on average the 2 of hearts would be on top only once in that 52 shufflings. And once you’ve gotten that card to come up first what’s the chance of the second card being the 3 of hearts? That too is easy, it’s 1 in 51. The chance of getting just the first two cards in the right order would be 1 in 52 x 51 which would equal 1 in 2,652. Imagine sitting at your desk and shuffling a deck of cards 2,652 times just to have the top two cards be a 2 of hearts and a 3 of hearts one time during all that shuffling!

You then realize that the number of possible combinations of 52 cards is expressed by what your math teacher called “factorial 52” which is 52 x 51 x 50 x 49 x 48 x 47 x 46 . . . x 3 x 2 x 1. You get out your calculator and find that factorial 52 is equal to a sum greater than 8.07 x 10 to the 67th power! Think about how huge that number is. Scientists have estimated that the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy is only 1 x 10 to the 65th power. The number of possible combinations of cards in an ordinary 52 card deck is nearly a thousand times greater than the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy!

Now let’s see if we can get a 52 card straight flush by randomly shuffling decks of cards. If we were to put six and a half billion people to work shuffling decks of cards and they shuffled the card decks at the rate of one million decks per second and we employed them for fifteen billion years you would have less than a tenth of one percent chance of coming up with a 52 card hearts to spades straight flush in any of those decks at the end of fifteen billion years!!!

Now imagine a mutation that shuffles 52 base pairs in an ape’s DNA. If even one base pair is in the wrong sequence that could make the mutation disadvantageous. Even one base pair out of order could make the knee joint of the ape dysfunctional. Our card illustration showed that even if there were a million mutations per second there would be less than a tenth of one percent chance of getting that one properly sequenced 52 base pair favorable mutation in 15 billion years!

According to the results of the prodigious effort to map the human genome, human DNA contains about one billion nucleotide base pairs arranged in precise sequence. If even one is out of sequence it can be disadvantageous or even in some cases fatal to the human body. Chimpanzee DNA has also been mapped. Geneticists have determined that there are more than 30 million differences in nucleotide base pair sequences between chimpanzee DNA and human DNA. Evolutionists claim that chimps are our closest “cousins” and that chimps and humans supposedly evolved from the same apelike ancestor. Imagine the sheer number of favorable mutations and the number of base pairs involved that the Darwinist claims to have occurred during the alleged evolution from apelike creature to human!

The bottom line is that Darwinian blind chance shuffling of DNA base pairs caused by radiation or chemical mutagens is not even remotely capable of causing uphill macroevolutionary change in plants, animals or humans! The genetic evidence clearly points to the inadequacy of mutations as being the mechanism of evolution. This is just one of many fatal flaws in the theory of Darwinian evolution. Since secularists have no backup theory of materialistic origins they have to defend evolution tooth and nail or abandon secularism altogether and become theists.

All of the secularists, atheists and agnostics are surrounded by evidence that points to the necessity of God as Creator. As Romans 1:20 says: “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse” (NASB).

God has provided for our redemption by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel. Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. No other figure in all of world history can make this claim! Jesus died for our sins which means that when He suffered and died He took the penalty of our sins upon Himself. He rose from the dead to offer forgiveness to all who call upon Him. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2014 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach purposes.

Update On Controversy Over Blood and DNA Found in Dinosaur Bones

We’re closer to Jurassic Park. DNA has been found in dinosaur bones!

While excavating a Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton from a cliff in the Hell’s Creek formation in Northwestern Montana in 2000, Bob Harmon and his team of paleontologists did something unusual. They broke the T. Rex leg bone in two. They said they had to break it in order to remove it by helicopter.

When they looked into the core of the bone they saw what appeared to be remnants of blood and soft tissue. They sent the find to Dr. Mary Schweitzer, a respected paleontologist of North Carolina State University, who had discovered blood remnants in dinosaur bones in the past.

Schweitzer and her team confirmed the finding of soft tissue and blood remnants in the bone. She was low key about the find yet it gained wide publicity even in the mainstream media. On March 24, 2005, MSNBC aired a documentary about the find and showed Schweitzer dissolving tissue in EDTA which is a chemical that breaks down the hard calcium that surrounds the soft tissue. The TV documentary showed, in live action, the bending and flexing of the soft tissue from the dinosaur bone.

There was a storm of controversy among old earth evolutionists who insisted that Schweitzer found nothing more than biofilm left by bacteria. Scientists know that no soft tissue of any kind could possibly be preserved in a dinosaur bone for 65 million years. Soft tissue is composed of highly complex and relatively unstable biopolymers such as proteins that would breakdown in far less time than even one million years. If it is indeed dinosaur soft tissue, then science will have to rethink the whole paradigm of the age of the dinosaurs and by extension, the age of the earth itself!

Schweitzer defended her work and did even more in-depth chemical analyses of the contents of the centers of dinosaur bones. According to the article: “Molecular Analyses of Dinosaur Osteocytes Support the Presence of Endogenous Molecules” by M. H. Schweitzer et al. Bone, 52 no. 1 (2013): 414-423 as reported in Perspective, Answers Magazine, April-June 2013, 9-10, Schweitzer found bone forming cells, called osteocytes, that are found only in bony creatures and are not from bacteria. This clearly undermines the claim that the soft tissue is bacterial biofilm.

Furthermore, she identified several proteins found only in bony creatures and most importantly, she found DNA. The DNA strands were identified as that which comes from a vertebrate and hence not bacterial in origin. The presence of dinosaur DNA in the bones strongly refutes the bacterial biofilm theory.

The Perspective column in Answers cited above, cites scientific studies that show that even under laboratory conditions DNA is unstable and breaks down quickly. One study of dated fossils showed a DNA half life of just 521 years. A half life of 521 years means DNA degrades so fast that it should not be detectible after just 12,000 years.

Most dinosaur bones are not really fossilized in the sense of petrification. Petrification occurs when silica infiltrates bone and dissolves away the calcium and replaces it with rock hard silicon. Petrification can happen quickly under certain conditions. Petrification has been seen to occur rapidly in modern times in a situation of hot volcanic ash. Most of the dinosaur bones you see in museum displays are not petrified but are composed of the calcium and phosphorous of natural bone.

Blood remnants and soft tissue remains have been found in dinosaur bones of several species. This strongly infers that dinosaur bones could not possibly be even one million years old. The young earth creationist position is that dinosaur carcasses were buried by sediments such as sand, clay and lime soon after death. These vast sedimentary deposits were laid down by the worldwide flood of Noah’s day that killed large numbers of land creatures. The sediments that buried the dinosaur carcasses hardened into sandstone and limestone. The biblical flood occurred, according to the Bible’s timeline, less than 5,000 years ago. This is consistent with the finding of small remnants of blood, soft tissue and DNA in dinosaur bones.

We have proof of the young age of dinosaurs and this, of course, wildly throws off the old earth evolutionary timeline. If dinosaurs lived, in large numbers, as recently as five thousand years ago it gives compelling proof that dinosaurs and other creatures did not evolve over eons of time. Dinosaurs, like all creatures, were created by God in fairly recent time.

A young age of dinosaurs is consistent with a young age of earth. The age of earth must be established by many other scientific avenues of proof. I’ve written about many young earth proofs in previous DTF articles. One such proof of young earth is the rapid rate of the decline of the strength of the earth’s magnetic field. The earth’s magnetic field has a half life of about 1400 years. If you extrapolate back just 20,000 years, the earth’s magnetic field would have been so strong back then as a starting point, that the earth’s magnetic field would have been as strong as that of a magnetic star. The high heat of such a strong magnetic field would have made life impossible. The magnetic field caps earth’s age at about 10,000 years or less.

The age of earth of less than 10,000 years is fatal to Darwinism which requires millions of years for life to evolve. Unfortunately, the concept of young earth is so far outside the mainstream of modern thought that even to talk about young earth will sometimes alienate your listeners. However, as the mounting evidence for young earth piles up, I’m confident that eventually the persistent mindset of old earth uniformitarianism will be reversed both in academia and among operational geologists.

The upshot is that the earth itself is evidence of the actions of the Creator. We must honor the Creator and be prepared to meet Him in the afterlife. The Bible declares that Jesus of Nazareth is the promised Messiah of Israel. The fact that Jesus is Messiah is backed up by His fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies and by other supernatural, miraculous signs. Jesus died for our sins, taking upon Himself the penalty we deserved for our sins. Forgiveness is found only through Christ. Call upon Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2013 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach purposes.

Haldane’s Dilemma Shows Impossibility of Ape to Human Evolution

Did you know that an article written in 1957 by a leading evolutionist essentially showed the impossibility of ape to human evolution? Haldane caused a great dilemma for evolutionists through his seminal article. The controversy continues even to this day.

John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (1892-1964), born to an aristocratic intellectual family of Scottish descent, was one of the leading evolutionists of his generation. A graduate of Oxford, he taught for many years at University College. London’s University College, established in 1826, was the first university in England founded on an entirely secular basis.

Haldane was one of the founders of the field of population genetics. Toward the end of his life he migrated to India, became an Indian citizen and taught at a leading university there. Haldane was also an atheist who embraced socialism and Marxism.

In 1957, Haldane published a seminal paper that was to shake up the field of evolutionary biology and reveal one of the fatal flaws of the theory of evolution. His paper was titled simply, “The Cost of Natural Selection.” You know the expression, “do the math.” In this paper, Haldane did the math on evolution. Haldane, not being a creationist, did his study as an ardent believer in evolution, yet still revealed a fatal flaw in Darwinian evolution.

In the paper, Haldane worked from the following two premises:
1) Natural selection is a destructive process that eliminates the unfit.
2) Genetic mutations can be transmitted to the next generation only by the survivors. Evolution is a theory dependant on the death of all those without the favorable genetic mutations. The death of the unfit is the cost of natural selection. Haldane calculated the cost of natural selection and found that evolution crumbled under the burdensome cost.

Haldane put numbers and probability calculations on ape populations allowing for favorable survivability rates for apes with beneficial genetic mutations. Evolution requires not only a very large number of rare favorable genetic mutations but also that each of these mutations be substituted into every future individual in the population. This substitution into the population requires a complete turnover of the gene pool in which only the apes with the new favorable mutations survive to comprise the new population.

Imagine an ape being born with a genetic mutation that gives it a slightly modified knee to help it walk slightly more erect. How many generations would it take for that one mutation to spread to an ape population of 100,000 apes scattered across a continent? The apes without the knee mutation have to die off and only the ones with the slightly better knee survive. That’s only one mutation and ape to human evolution requires millions of mutations.

We all remember being taught in school that favorable genetic mutations are rare and that most genetic mutations are either neutral or unfavorable. Even if we modify Haldane’s numbers and bias them in favor of evolution and assume many favorable mutations and ideal conditions of survivability, we find that ten million years isn’t enough time for ape to human evolution.

Consider this quote from the article: Haldane’s Dilemma Has Not Been Solved” by Don Batten, Ph. D., Journal of Creation 19(1):20–21 April 2005:

“Imagine a population of 100,000 apes, the putative progenitors of humans. Suppose that a male and a female both received a mutation so beneficial that they out-survived everyone else; all the rest of the population died out—all 99,998 of them. And then the surviving pair had enough offspring to replenish the population in one generation. And this repeated every generation (every 20 years) for 10 million years, more than the supposed time since the last common ancestor of humans and apes. That would mean that 500,000 beneficial mutations could be added to the population (i.e., 10,000,000/20). Even with this completely unrealistic scenario, which maximizes evolutionary progress, only about 0.02% of the human genome could be generated. Considering that the difference between the DNA of a human and a chimp, our supposed closest living relative, is greater than 5%, evolution has an obvious problem in explaining the origin of the genetic information in a creature such as a human.”

The above quote gives fantastically favorable conditions for the transmittal of favorable mutations to each succeeding generation yet shows that only 500,000 favorable mutations could be substituted into the gene pool in ten million years. By the way, there are more than 12,000,000 genetic differences between chimpanzees and humans. Even the grossly exaggerated favorable conditions described in the above quote would give only a tiny fraction of the genetic changes needed to turn an ape into a human.

Using far more realistic numbers, Haldane calculated that only about 1,667 genetic changes could be substituted into the gene pool of the human race in ten million years! Haldane gave a realistic and very pessimistic (for the evolutionist) number of substituted genetic changes in his calculations. Haldane’s numbers clearly show that ape to human evolution in ten million years is impossible.

Haldane was not a creationist. He was an atheist evolutionist and yet he openly admitted that there was not enough time in ten million years. If you run his numbers on a longer time scale it’s obvious that even a billion years is not enough time to evolve apes into humans.

Haldane, mindful of the mind blowing ramifications, invited his evolutionist colleagues to counter or refute his findings. His article generated much discussion for a few years. Haldane’s dilemma could not be resolved in the secular, atheistic evolution context.

The concept of Haldane’s dilemma languished for decades as it was ignored by the frustrated and embarrassed evolutionists. Evolutionists moved on to hail the discovery of incomplete skeletons of Australopithenes in Africa. People seemed to assume that a beneficial mutation instantly changes the DNA in all of the individuals in a huge population. Of course, that is simply not the case. A genetic mutation affects the genes of one individual and all of the individuals without the mutation have to die off for the new favorable mutation to predominate in a population.

In the 1990s, creationists revived discussion of Haldane’s dilemma with the publication of a book by Walter ReMine, titled The Biotic Message that articulated Haldane’s Dilemma and updated it with more recent scientific findings in the field of genetics. This fine book brought on much needed discussion and analysis. Evolutionists wrote lengthy articles and bandied about terms such as “genetic drift” but ultimately offered no credible rebuttal.

The cost of natural selection is the death of the entire population without the favorable mutations. This cost has been minimized by evolutionists since Haldane published his article in 1957. Now that both human and chimp DNA have been decoded it is abundantly clear that human and chimp DNA are more different than what evolutionists expected. The claim of 12,000,000 genetic differences is actually a conservative number. This fact deepens Haldane’s dilemma. Emperor evolution has no clothes!

Evolution has become the origins myth of our secular society. The teaching of evolution in the government run schools has caused multitudes of young people to reject God. Every society has a mythology or meta-narrative that gives it a reason for being. The meta-narrative of traditional western civilization has been Christianity. Now that Christianity has been largely banished from education and evolution installed in its place, western civilization has gone into a death spiral of drugs, abortion, crime and suicide. The birth rate has fallen far below replacement level and in some western countries the birth rate is less than half of replacement level. Children who are taught that they are soul-less descendants of apes grow up to act like animals!

The west thrived and expanded when Christianity was its civil religion. Christianity is, however, much more than just a civil religion. It is precious truth. Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. Additionally, Jesus worked miracles before eyewitnesses that proved He is the promised Messiah of Israel. He came to live a perfect life and then suffer and die, taking upon Himself the punishment due to us because of our sins. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2012 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish if credit given.

Jimi Hendrix: UFOs and Four Years of Fame

 

Jimi Hendrix was the ultimate sixties counterculture rock star. His life story is like a thumbnail sketch of those tumultuous years. He was born in the Pacific northwest of the US yet came to fame in the heart of London. He was an army veteran and held some conservative views yet his songs and style made him an icon of anti-establishment youth. His youth was in extreme poverty yet he ended up in fame and fortune at the top of his craft. He was black, yet his music style was similar to the white rockers of the time. He had almost no exposure to church as a youth yet showed great interest in the larger questions of life but unfortunately sought UFO inspired answers. Jimi was one of my favorite artists in my early years when I was lost.
 
He was born Johnny Allen Hendrix on November 27, 1942 in Seattle Washington. His father, Johnny “Al” Hendrix, upon his return from army service in World War Two, changed Jimi’s name to James Marshall Hendrix. Both of Jimi’s parents were involved in substance abuse and this made his early years a horror story of instability. He was often separated from his parents to live with relatives or foster parents. Jimi was very close to his younger brother, Leon (born 1949) but they were often separated as Leon was also bounced from home to home in the foster care system. Jimi and Leon also had three younger siblings. Their mother died in 1958 at age 33.
 
Jimi was a quiet, introverted child who showed intense interest in guitar, even strumming a broom at times. He graduated to a beat up ukulele and later his father bought him a five dollar used acoustic guitar. He joined the army in 1961 and trained as a paratrooper, earning the Screaming Eagles patch. He was honorably discharged a little over a year after he joined.
 
After the army, Jimi worked as a session guitarist and worked with Ike and Tina Turner and Little Richard, among others. Then came a meeting that was to totally change his life and career direction. He met Chas Chandler of the Animals who caught Jimi’s act at a Greenwich Village venue. Chandler wanted to manage and direct rising talent. He brought Jimi to London and signed him. Jimi formed the group, Jimi Hendrix Experience, with drummer Mitch Mitchell and bassist Noel Redding. Chandler was also responsible for the “Jimi” spelling of Hendrix’s name.
 
The new trio launched Jimi to stardom in London as his songs, Hey Joe, and others rose up the charts. The group’s first album, Are You Experienced? sold by the truckload. He returned to the US in triumph in June of 1967 and became one of the highest grossing touring acts of all time. He went on to play at Woodstock in 1969. The Jimi Hendrix Experience broke up that year. Jimi opened his own studio in New York City in 1969 and he re-formed the Experience with Billy Cox on bass in 1970.
 
Like many sensitive, pondering artists, Jimi was concerned about ultimate destiny. Many if not most of the rock bands of the era dabbled in the occult. According to his brother Leon’s book: Jimi Hendrix: A Brother’s Story, Jimmy had an interest in UFOs and aliens from and early age. Leon also claims that many of Jimi’s song lyrics cryptically refer to alien themes.
 
Let me briefly explain where UFOs come from. UFO researchers are divided into two different viewpoints in explaining UFOs. These viewpoints are the extraterrestrial hypothesis and the interdimensional hypothesis. The extraterrestrial hypothesis is the claim that UFOs are metal spaceships with astronauts from planets in star systems within our own physical universe. The interdimensional view is that UFOs are nonphysical entities or spirits that travel from different dimensions and enter our universe from a parallel universe.

 
The interdimensional hypothesis is more consistent  with the Bible and the Christian worldview because it can be inferred that the other dimensions from which UFOs travel are the same as the realm of spirit. The Bible certainly teaches about the spirit world. 
 
Christian researchers and some secular researchers reject the extraterrestrial hypothesis and maintain the interdimensional view. Famous UFO researcher, Jacques Vallee, holds the interdimensional view. In studying UFOs, I’ve come to believe that we’re dealing with intelligent life not from another planet but from another dimension. It’s not astronauts from outer space but spirit beings from the realm of spirit. Malevolent UFO aliens are demons disguised as astronauts.
 
I regard demonic UFOs as generally of the same category as poltergeists, hauntings, occultism and other manifestations of the demonic realm. I hold this view because the teachings that are transmitted from aliens to leaders of UFO cults are antibiblical and often lead to bizarre behavior such as the Heaven’s Gate mass suicide. Also, the horrific animal mutilations attributed to UFOs in which animals have their blood drained and have organs removed with surgical precision is further evidence of the demonic origin of UFOs.
 
Have no fear of demons appearing as flying saucers or appearing as extraterrestrial humanoid beings. Don’t be deceived by cult groups claiming New Age, extraterrestrial connections and phenomena. The Bible teaches us that Christ is above all and every knee must bow before Christ who conquered sin through His death and resurrection.
 
Curtis Knight, in his book, Jimi Hendrix: Starchild, claims that UFOs appeared during some of Jimi’s concerts. He also relates some bizarre statements from Jimi, such as when Jimi said that he believed he was from Mars. In another instance, Jimi said that there are people on other planets in the solar system and that the solar system will go through some kind of a major change in about thirty years. Unfortunately, Jimi wasn’t around thirty years later to see the falsity of that claim.
 
Jimi was back in London in late summer 1970. On September 18, 1970, his girlfriend found him unconscious and unresponsive and called for an ambulance. He was pronounced dead hours later. The cause was barbiturate overdose and aspiration of vomit. Jimi enjoyed just four years of fame after a youth fraught with struggle. He joined Janis Joplin and Jim Morrison as rock stars who died at age 27. Every life has a message. What can we learn from the life of Jimi Hendrix? Aside from the obvious lesson that drugs and alcohol kill we can see from Jimi’s life that UFOs and aliens are the principle avenue of deception in our modern, technical age. We must be on guard against UFO deception.
 
There is a spirit world and God is king over it. In order to approach God we must first deal with sin. God has provided the way of redemption. Jesus of Nazareth came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. No other figure in all of world history can make this claim. The prophecies, such as the major prophecy in Isaiah 53, foretold that Christ would suffer and die taking upon Himself the penalty we deserved for our sins. Christ bore our sins in his suffering and death. He rose from the dead to bring forgiveness to all who call upon Him. Call upon the name of Jesus today to receive forgiveness of sins!
 
Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.”
(John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

 

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: www.gracelawandsonship.com

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