Tag Archives: creation

The Lack of Beneficial DNA Mutations is Troubling

There are over seven billion people alive on earth today. The DNA of all people is well over 99% similar. The less than one percent difference is in minor details including skin color and facial features. The “races” are each fully human and there is no subspecies of humans possessing markedly different DNA.
 ,
Darwinian evolutionists claim that humans evolved from an ape-like common ancestor that lived 5 to 7 million years ago and they claim that the chimpanzee is our nearest animal relative. Evolutionists claim that evolution is still occurring today among humans. They claim that human evolution is driven by beneficial DNA mutations. Where are all the beneficial mutations?
 ,
I did several web searches, including “beneficial human mutations” and “genetic mutation disease.” What I found was extremely revealing and it served to severely undermine the theory of Darwinian evolution.
 ,
Let’s start with an article from an evolutionist. I read an article titled: “Evolution is Still Happening: Beneficial Mutations in Humans” by Adam Lee which is posted on an evolutionist blog. He describes a total of five beneficial human mutations:
 ,
1) The mutation, Apolipoprotein AI-Milano gives resistance to heart disease.
2) Mutation to the LRP5 gene gives greater bone density and resistance to osteoporosis and fractures.
3) Mutation to Hbs gene gives resistance to malaria but two copies gives the dreaded sickle cell anemia. (Why is this on a list of beneficial mutations?)
4) Mutation to HbC gene gives resistance to malaria and two copies gives greater resistance to malaria but also gives mild anemia.
5) His fifth example is the rare Tetrachromatic vision mutation for which he mentions one study in which at least one woman had a mutation giving her four color discriminating cones in her eyes which gives her greater color discrimination.
 ,
Adam Lee includes the following absurd claim that these “beneficial mutations are the raw material that may, in time, be taken up by natural selection and spread through the population.” One could argue that the above mutations do confer a limited degree of advantage and survivability of offspring. To claim that such mutations “spread through the population” is to give the impression that mutations simply spread through a gene pool like an infectious disease!
 ,
Mutations to DNA are transmitted to other humans by only one mechanism, namely, reproduction. Those with a beneficial mutation will enjoy a slightly higher degree of survival and produce more offspring that survive. For any beneficial mutation to predominate in the human gene pool and advance humans one small step in evolution would require hundreds of generations. During these hundreds of generations, the unfortunate humans without the beneficial mutation would gradually die off and gradually be replaced by the humans with the slightly higher survivability rate. The gene pool would then have the beneficial mutation as a feature in the genes of all humans.
 ,
Why do I insist that the beneficial mutation be substituted into the DNA of all humans? That’s because, as mentioned above, the DNA of all of the human race is over 99% similar and there is no subspecies of humans with DNA containing significant beneficial mutations that would set them apart. This scientifically verified uniformity of the gene pool shows that any alleged evolution in the past must have resulted in substitution of genetic mutations into the entire gene pool of 7 billion humans spread across six continents.
 ,
All humans have the same brain structure; all have thumbs as opposing finger digits; all have the same knee structure that facilitates walking upright; all have hair on the head but little to no hair on the body. All people are remarkably similar whether from northern Sweden or central Africa. All people groups can intermarry and reproduce.
 ,
The long complex process of a beneficial mutation being substituted into a gene pool is a feature of population genetics. The fact that it takes hundreds of generations to fully substitute a mutation into a population has been calculated by Haldane and others. The fact that 7 million years is not enough time to substitute the millions of mutations needed to change an ape into a human is called Haldane’s Dilemma after evolution researcher, J. B. S. Haldane.
 ,
Let’s look at Adam Lee’s list of beneficial mutations. I find the mutation that causes greater bone density to be especially intriguing. Let’s look at what’s really going on in the human gene pool of 7 billion individuals. Do people with this bone density mutation reproduce at a higher rate than others? Are they having ten or twelve children in their families? Adam Lee’s article mentions only one family in the Midwestern United States with this mutation and he says nothing about their reproduction rate. Does a guy say “Give me a gal with dense bones and I’ll marry her and we’ll have twelve kids!”?
 ,
What about the mutation that gives resistance to heart disease? It benefits middle aged people. People die of heart disease in their fifties and later and that’s long after they have kids. How would that mutation influence their rate of reproduction?
 ,
Does observational science see any of these or other beneficial mutations gradually being substituted into the human gene pool? Is there a subspecies of humans developing with beneficial mutations and becoming a master race? (Don’t ask the Germans!) The answer is a resounding no! Beneficial mutations are few, isolated and not much more than curiosities.
 ,
I also did a web search on genetic mutation diseases. I had read in an article that there are thousands of diseases caused by bad mutations. I thought surely “thousands” of such diseases was an exaggeration. That is until I web searched such diseases. I found a Wikipedia site that  gave an extremely long list of genetic mutation related diseases.
 ,
I’ve heard of Down syndrome and cystic Fibrosis but what about Noack syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type II, Menkes disease and Menkea syndrome? The list, tragically, goes on and on! It shows that bad mutations overwhelmingly outnumber the good. This is just further evidence that mutations are no mechanism for uphill evolutionary change.
 ,
The bottom line is that observational science clearly shows that beneficial mutations are rare, only slightly advantageous to reproduction rates and can’t dominate in the human gene pool due to Haldane’s dilemma even if millions of years are claimed.
 ,
The more the science of genetics progresses, the more it reveals the mind boggling complexity of human DNA as an information storage and retrieval system. Science shows that such a complex system as DNA is seldom improved by tweaks caused by mutations. Studies overwhelmingly show that genetic mutations are destructive errors that scramble or delete pre-existing information in the DNA. Most importantly, researchers have discovered that mutations, whether good or bad, almost never add new information to the DNA. Some researchers say that mutations never add new information to DNA.
 ,
The best scientific evidence shows that complex, interdependant biological systems are evidence of deliberate intelligent design. This design argument is called the teleological argument for the existence of a designer. I maintain that life was designed and built by an intelligent designer who is the Creator God. God created sentient beings, called humans, for a purpose. That purpose is to love God and to enjoy Him forever.
 ,
Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies that were written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of world history can make this claim. The prophecies foretold that Christ would suffer and die, taking the penalty of our sins upon Himself, thus making atonement. The prophecies foretold that He would rise from the dead and that He would offer forgiveness of sins to all who repent and call upon Him. Turn to Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!
 ,
Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.”
(John 3:7)
,
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

,
Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: www.gracelawandsonship.com
Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. <>{
(C) 2016 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

The Wisdom of the East Compared to the Wisdom of the West

A right understanding of the differences between the wisdom of the east and the wisdom of the west will help bring many things into proper focus. Eastern wisdom ultimately stems from eastern religion. Eastern religion, such as Hinduism, is generally pantheistic. Pantheism is the belief that all things are essentially of the same essence or substance as God. Hindu pantheism leads to the belief that since all things are manifestations of God, then all things are sacred.

Other eastern faiths such as Buddhism, Shintoism and Sikhism are similar to Hinduism in many respects. Pagan faiths of other areas of the world such as African Animism, North American Wiccan faith and New Age occultism also have points in common with Hinduism. Almost all eastern religions and sects are pantheistic or have pantheistic tendencies.

The eastern belief that all things are sacred is one reason why experimental science never originated in the east. No one wanted to do experiments on sacred things. Nobody wanted to cut up an object if they believed that God is infused into that object. In Hinduism, cows and certain other animals are considered especially sacred because of the belief that they are closer to Brahma. Experiments weren’t done on animals because of the belief that people could be reincarnated as animals.

The belief that all things are manifestations of God is called theological monism or “oneness.” It is the belief that all existence consists of one essence. In some Hindu sects this essence is believed to manifest in numerous deities. In some pagan cultures if a stream was dammed, sacrifices had to be offered to appease the deities. Not only was experimental science not practiced in such cultures but even ordinary engineering was hindered because of fear of offending the deities.

In western religion, which is the Judeo-Christian faith, God is seen as transcendant and separate from His creation. This is metaphysical dualism, the duality of creature and Creator. The Bible gives the worldview in which experimental science is possible. The Bible teaches that the Creator God is rational, He establishes fixed rational laws and He created an orderly universe separate from Himself. Man is created in God’s image and shares God’s rationality and can think God’s thoughts after Him which is to do science.

The book of Genesis records that the first man, Adam, did the work of a scientist. God had Adam name the animals (Gen. 2:19-20) and this is the scientific field of taxonomy which is the naming and classifying of things.

Experimental science arose in post-reformation Europe. The fundamental breakthroughs in the major branches of experimental science occurred in Europe in the 1600s. All of the founders of the major branches of science were Bible believing Christian men such as Isaac Newton (physics), Francis Bacon (the scientific method) and Robert Boyle (chemistry) to name a few. (See book: Men of Science, Men of God by Henry M. Morris.)

The historical fact that scientific breakthroughs occurred in Europe in the 1600s was no coincidence. The 1500s saw major changes in Christian practice brought about by the Protestant Reformation. The 1600s was the first century in which the Bible was generally available to all classes of people across an entire continent (Europe).

The fact that the Bible gave us western civilization and gave rise to experimental science which in turn gave us an immense variety of labor saving conveniences including the computer I’m using to write this, is a kind of proof of the truth of the Bible. Since the Bible gives truths that so wonderfully impact the physical scientific world we can infer that the Bible’s teachings about spiritual things are also true.

Consider another invention that comes directly from the Bible. This one may surprise you. The Bible gave us the weekend. That’s right, the fact that you have every Saturday and Sunday off is a result of the Bible’s teaching on the Sabbath. God commanded the ancient Jews to rest every seventh day. Saturday is the seventh day of the week but since many Christians worship on Sunday because that is the day Jesus rose form the dead, we also take Sundays off.

Paganism had no Sabbath. The ancient Roman stoic philosopher, Seneca, wrote his opinion that the Hebrews waste one seventh of their lives in their Sabbath rest. He and the other Roman pagans rejected the Sabbath principle. The ancient Romans worked their slaves to death seven days a week. Those hapless Celtic, Gallic, Teutonic, Semitic and Slavic tribesmen that were captured in Rome’s many campaigns suffered horrid oppression, especially those enslaved in agriculture, mining and construction. Only household slaves got better treatment. Caesar would declare a holiday from time to time. Those are the famous “Roman holidays” of lore. But Caesar’s holidays came at irregular intervals and gave no regular assurance of rest.

Now all the world takes weekends off, except for people who work in essential services such as health care and law enforcement. Even essential service people get one or two regular days off per week. The whole world, even east Asia and Africa, follows the Bible in this regard. Muslims got their Friday sabbath principle ultimately from the Bible. The biblical sabbath principle is the law of the land everywhere. This too is proof of the Bible’s wisdom.

Here’s another Bible revelation: the concept of the secular. You read that right, the Bible gives us the secular world. The word “secular” is derived from the Latin word for “world.” It is the concept of the nonsacred. Eastern paganism had no concept of the secular. All is sacred in a pantheistic faith. In biblical thought God is separate from His creation and therefore the creation itself is not sacred. Human beings are sacred because the Bible teaches that people are created in the image of God.

When Nazi Germany was overthrown in 1945 the Allies found huge quantities of papers and photos detailing the Nazi experiments on human beings. Those experiments, ghastly as they were, could have shed light on treatment of disease. The Allies decided to destroy the material because humans are sacred and such experiments were crimes against humanity.

Western, biblical thought allows experimentation on nature but not on people. In Genesis, God gave Adam and Eve dominion over nature and commanded them to subdue it. This is the birth of the concept of the secular and the birth of science.

It is ironic that in our own time, as the falling away from the Christian faith continues in the west, those that attack Christianity the fiercest are atheistic secularists who don’t even realize that the biblical worldview is the worldview that birthed the secular! The Christian concept of the secular birthed science yet science is the tool that secularists use to attack Christianity!

Western culture has in recent generations fallen away from Christianity and has morphed into secularism. Secularism is a radical embrace of the secular. We saw earlier that the pantheistic eastern faiths regarded all things as sacred and science was stifled. The pantheistic claim that all things are sacred is the opposite pole from radical secularism in which nothing is sacred.

In a society which is fully secular, human beings are not considered sacred and they can be oppressed and even murdered with impunity. Secularists deny God and reject God’s law and they have no transcendant source of absolute morals. The secular mindset of 20th century western civilization gave rise to the totalitarian political philosophies of communism and fascism. The modern, educated, sophisticated, secular 20th century was the most violent and oppressive of all centuries. Secularists have also been major supporters of abortion. Millions of the preborn are murdered by abortion each year.

Eastern pantheism also resulted in brutal oppression of human beings because in a society in which all things are sacred, people are on the same level as animals and can be treated like animals. People are sometimes less sacred than animals in some eastern faiths. This caused the rise of eastern despotism. Eastern governments were never democratic. Democratic governments were planted in India and Japan by western powers.

The two extremes are as follows: eastern pantheism has no basis for science and western secularism has no basis for morals. If everything is sacred there is no science; if nothing is sacred there is no civilization. The Soviet Union collapsed because there was no basis for morals. The Soviet oppression of people was so stifling that it eventually caused even the leaders to abandon hope in communist utopianism.

The Bible is proven to be God’s holy book because of the supernatural revelatory wisdom from God contained in its pages. The Bible gave rise to western civilization and the concepts of the sacredness of human life, the dignity of man and human freedom. The Bible’s concept of the secular gave the grounds for the rise of science.

The Bible contains thousands of predictive prophecies that have been fulfilled down through history. Jesus Christ, the promised Messiah of Israel, came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies. Jesus worked miracles during his ministry and miracles still occur today in His name. Christ lived a life of perfect holiness and taught us great things and then died for our sins and rose from the dead. We receive forgiveness of sins through Christ alone because He alone died for our sins. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty for your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2015 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish if credit given.

Proof that Genetic Mutations are Not a Mechanism for Evolution

Darwinists claim that the accumulation of favorable genetic mutations is how humans evolved from “goo to you by way of the zoo.” Recent advances in the science of genetics, especially the mapping of the human genome (DNA) and the mapping of animal genomes, has exposed the impossibility of mutations of being a Darwinian change mechanism.

You may remember from biology class that the DNA of humans and animals is composed of long chains of nucleotide base pairs. The base pairs are like the letters of an alphabet that contain information and that information is the design or body plan of the organism. A mutation is a change in the order or “sequence” of the base pairs or an elimination of base pairs or a duplication of base pairs.

All sides agree that mutations are rare and the large majority of mutations are either unfavorable or neutral. Of extreme importance to note is that mutations don’t add new information to the DNA. Mutations simply shuffle or delete pre-existing information. Mutations garble information. You’ve heard on the news that a virus has mutated but they often neglect to say that the mutation of the virus DNA resulted in a net loss of information in the virus DNA. No mutation has been shown to result in a net addition of information. No mutation adds base pairs except in cases of duplication of genes. Genetic duplication is simply giving the DNA an extra copy of the gene. It is not new information.

Some Darwinian scientists may be so bold as to claim that in rare instances mutations add new information to the DNA. However, the evidence furnished by real operational genetic science is against them.

Now let’s look at a simple illustration. In the jungle of East Africa there is an australopithecine ape. Evolutionists would call it a proto-human or prehuman. It walks on all fours and is just starting to leave the jungle and hunt in the surrounding fields. According to Darwinism it’s on its way to evolving into a human. Let’s say that a genetic mutation involving just 52 base pairs is about to happen to a gamete cell (reproductive cell such as egg or sperm) in the ape that will affect the design of the knee in the future offspring of the ape. The knee is the most complex and finely tuned joint in the ape’s body.

The design of an ape’s knee is likely determined by the sequence of thousands or perhaps tens of thousands of base pairs in the DNA. For simplicity let’s say that a reshuffling of just 52 base pairs can substantially alter knee structure in this ape’s offspring that will enable it to walk slightly more upright. But those 52 base pairs have to be shuffled into just the right sequence to affect the design of the knee in this advantageous way.

Fifty two happens to be the number of cards in a deck of ordinary playing cards. Let’s say that the reshuffling of the 52 base pairs to put the base pairs in a precise advantageous sequence is like shuffling a deck of cards and getting all four suits of cards in straight flush. Imagine shuffling cards and getting the hearts all in order: 2 of hearts, 3 of hearts, 4 of hearts all the way up to queen, king and ace of hearts and then the same for diamonds, clubs and spades.

Let’s say that radiation hits the gamete, causing a mutation involving 52 base pairs and the base pairs are reshuffled. The DNA doesn’t gain information but the preexisting information is garbled and it affects the design of the knee in a way that enables the ape offspring to walk slightly more upright. What is the probability of this actually happening in nature? That is a very big and important question!

Darwinism says that evolution is an unguided process involving genetic mutations that happen by blind chance. Natural selection then sorts out the products of blind chance and eliminates the weak. Natural selection is not a guiding mechanism but is a sorting mechanism.

Get out a deck of cards and start shuffling. Did you shuffle and get all four suits in straight flush? No? Let’s try again and again. Let’s calculate the odds of getting a 52 card straight flush. What is the chance that the first card in a newly shuffled deck comes out to be a 2 of hearts? That’s easy, it’s 1 in 52. You shuffle your deck 52 times and on average the 2 of hearts would be on top only once in that 52 shufflings. And once you’ve gotten that card to come up first what’s the chance of the second card being the 3 of hearts? That too is easy, it’s 1 in 51. The chance of getting just the first two cards in the right order would be 1 in 52 x 51 which would equal 1 in 2,652. Imagine sitting at your desk and shuffling a deck of cards 2,652 times just to have the top two cards be a 2 of hearts and a 3 of hearts one time during all that shuffling!

You then realize that the number of possible combinations of 52 cards is expressed by what your math teacher called “factorial 52” which is 52 x 51 x 50 x 49 x 48 x 47 x 46 . . . x 3 x 2 x 1. You get out your calculator and find that factorial 52 is equal to a sum greater than 8.07 x 10 to the 67th power! Think about how huge that number is. Scientists have estimated that the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy is only 1 x 10 to the 65th power. The number of possible combinations of cards in an ordinary 52 card deck is nearly a thousand times greater than the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy!

Now let’s see if we can get a 52 card straight flush by randomly shuffling decks of cards. If we were to put six and a half billion people to work shuffling decks of cards and they shuffled the card decks at the rate of one million decks per second and we employed them for fifteen billion years you would have less than a tenth of one percent chance of coming up with a 52 card hearts to spades straight flush in any of those decks at the end of fifteen billion years!!!

Now imagine a mutation that shuffles 52 base pairs in an ape’s DNA. If even one base pair is in the wrong sequence that could make the mutation disadvantageous. Even one base pair out of order could make the knee joint of the ape dysfunctional. Our card illustration showed that even if there were a million mutations per second there would be less than a tenth of one percent chance of getting that one properly sequenced 52 base pair favorable mutation in 15 billion years!

According to the results of the prodigious effort to map the human genome, human DNA contains about one billion nucleotide base pairs arranged in precise sequence. If even one is out of sequence it can be disadvantageous or even in some cases fatal to the human body. Chimpanzee DNA has also been mapped. Geneticists have determined that there are more than 30 million differences in nucleotide base pair sequences between chimpanzee DNA and human DNA. Evolutionists claim that chimps are our closest “cousins” and that chimps and humans supposedly evolved from the same apelike ancestor. Imagine the sheer number of favorable mutations and the number of base pairs involved that the Darwinist claims to have occurred during the alleged evolution from apelike creature to human!

The bottom line is that Darwinian blind chance shuffling of DNA base pairs caused by radiation or chemical mutagens is not even remotely capable of causing uphill macroevolutionary change in plants, animals or humans! The genetic evidence clearly points to the inadequacy of mutations as being the mechanism of evolution. This is just one of many fatal flaws in the theory of Darwinian evolution. Since secularists have no backup theory of materialistic origins they have to defend evolution tooth and nail or abandon secularism altogether and become theists.

All of the secularists, atheists and agnostics are surrounded by evidence that points to the necessity of God as Creator. As Romans 1:20 says: “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse” (NASB).

God has provided for our redemption by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel. Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. No other figure in all of world history can make this claim! Jesus died for our sins which means that when He suffered and died He took the penalty of our sins upon Himself. He rose from the dead to offer forgiveness to all who call upon Him. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2014 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach purposes.