Tag Archives: Darwinism

America in 2068: A Look at Our Turbulent Future

In the summer of 2068, a gray haired, athletically built man led two of his grandchildren up to the top of a wooded ridge overlooking a field. He pointed to the far side of the field and said “Do you see that old, wide concrete slab with rusty iron bolts sticking up from it? That’s the ruins of an old gasoline station and convenience store. People used to drive their cars onto the slab, which had fuel pumps, and they pumped gasoline into their cars.

“You could buy a brand new car for $30,000 back then, fifty years ago, in 2018. Of course, the cars were gasoline powered asphalt crawlers, not the anti-gravity, self-piloting vehicles we ride in today. Those were the days, back in ’18. Heck, nowadays, you can’t even buy a decent restaurant meal for $30,000.” The kids laughed.

Grandpa continued his history lesson to his grandchildren, Ian and Sara. “After they loaded up on gasoline, the people went into the nearby convenience store and bought junk food. They bought sugary cookies and pastries that were made with GMO flour and loaded with pesticide residues. It’s not even legal to sell that junk anymore. In fact, my mom, who was your great grandmother, worked as a clerk at a convenience store early in this century. She accepted payment in paper money and coins. They called it ‘cash.’

“Life fifty years ago was primitive and brutal, in more ways than one. Cancer was a dreadful killer. It was a slow, lingering death. Cancer was largely caused by de-natured, chemical laden junk food and tobacco. You know – ‘garbage in, garbage out.’ That wasn’t the worst of it. Junk food was bad enough. The real scandal was junk education. Kids were forced by truancy laws to attend schools, those slaughterhouses of the mind called ‘public schools.’

“They didn’t teach much reading, writing and arithmetic. They wasted a lot of time teaching philosophy of the postmodernist, atheistic kind.” At this point, Ian spoke up and asked “What’s postmodernist philosophy?” Grandpa hesitated and said “To explain that, I have to go back another fifty years before 2018. I have to go back to the 1960s, the time of your great-great grandparents. There was a major revolution in America in the 1960s. That’s when America went from a modern society to a postmodern society.”

“You see, in western civilization, there are really just three basic philosophical worldviews: the Judeo-Christian, the modern and the postmodern.

“The Judeo-Christian worldview maintains that there are moral absolutes and these absolute truths are given to us by God by revelation and are written in the Bible. Biblical morals include the Ten Commandments, the teachings of Jesus, the sacredness of human life and the dignity of man. God’s commandments apply to all people at all times in all cultures. Moral absolutes are universal, objective truths. America was founded in 1776 as a Christian country. The Judeo-Christian worldview was dominant.

“The modernist worldview claims that moral absolutes can be discovered by human reason alone without the aid of divine revelation. Modernism, since it arose in post-renaissance Europe, was nevertheless influenced by Christian concepts of justice and morality. Modernism is also dependent on Natural Law as a starting point for its reasoning. Modernists looked to nature rather than the Bible but they still believed in moral absolutes. The absolutes were manmade principles derived from rationalism, empiricism and pragmatism. America became predominantly modernist during the period roughly from 1870 to 1960. Famous modernist philosophers were Descartes, Hume, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hegel and the American pragmatist, William James.

“The postmodernist worldview claims that no moral absolutes exist. Morals are simply made up by the will of each person. This is radical existentialism and moral relativism. American culture and education, especially the universities, made the shift from modern to postmodern during the 1960s. “Do your own thing” became a definitive slogan of the 60s. “Perform random acts of kindness” was popular by the 1990s.

“Postmodernism is irrational, emotional, sophistic, barbaric, pessimistic, existentialistic and radically individualistic. Postmodernism is so scattered and atomized that most commentators define it only in terms of linguistic analysis and deconstructionism but those are only the putrid eruptions of the postmodern sore.

Once a person embraces moral relativism, there’s no real search for truth. Linguistic analysis and deconstructionism are merely ways of tinkering with language and literature which are just the tools of knowledge, not knowledge itself. Postmodernist philosophers include Nietzsche, Heidegger (Hitler’s favorite), Camus, De Man, Derrida and Sartre. The ancient Greek Sophist philosophers taught many things we would call postmodern. The Bible says ‘there is no new thing under the sun’ (Eccl. 1:9).

“By the 1980s and 90s the ideals of the 60s revolution became mainstream. The rejection of moral absolutes, the embrace of fornication, the acceptance of abortion and the promotion of the gay agenda radically transformed America. Fornication brought single motherhood and the severing of the bond between father and child. By 2018, the U.S. was a caricature of its former self and was postmodern in most of its education and culture.

“God’s standards do not change. God gave us moral absolutes by revelation. The mass murder of the unborn by abortion is serious sin. American postmodern culture accepts many practices that God abhors. All humankind is accountable to God and will be judged by God in the afterlife.

At this point Sara spoke up and said “That’s quite a history lesson, grandpa. Why do you think all those educated people went on to believe in postmodernism which sounds so silly and confusing?” Grandpa replied:”That’s actually an easy question to answer. They embraced postmodernism because they believed the Darwinian evolutionist claim that human beings are evolved from apes and have no souls and life ends with utter loss of consciousness. Darwinism is the origins myth of atheistic materialism. Public schools became temples of the church of Darwin.

“People saw no real purpose in life because they thought they had no future. They believed that when they die, the lights go out and all thoughts cease. They thought there was no God, no lawgiver, no law enforcer, no redemption of humankind, no life after death. They were really in despair, though they wouldn’t admit it. They embraced nihilism which is the philosophical zero point. Nihilism is the postmodernist concept of futility and nothingness.

“Things began to change when Darwinism crumbled. By the early 21st century, which is more than fifty years ago, the Intelligent Design Movement was in full swing. As science progressed, microbiology began to show the utter complexity of even the simplest living cell. A cell could never form by chance even in a trillion years. Secular scientists, to say nothing of the religious scientists, saw this clearly and it could not be denied. Other evidence against Darwin in genetics, the epigenome, comparative anatomy and the fossil record mounted against the secular origins myth called Darwinian evolution.

“It was enough to make the priests of the church of Darwin sweat bullets and rip out their hair remorselessly as their theory fell in a scientific tailspin. As they say ‘if dogs could whistle, the world would be a chorus.’ Darwinism fell and with it fell both modernism and postmodernism.

“People took a new look at Christianity, the faith that built America. The Christian faith is revealed in the Bible and proven by fulfilled prophecies and profound miracles. There is great revival of the Christian faith in America today and many millions of souls are being saved. “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Rom. 10:13).

” Right now, in 2068, the world is in a desperate state of transformation and political upheaval. Millions are turning to Christ but millions more cling to the old ways of despair. The great dictator of the world government is seeking to crush Christianity. The Bible predicted this time of tribulation that occurs just before the second coming of Christ.”

Grandpa and the grandkids, Ian and Sara, walked down from that wooded ridge at the end of their afternoon hike, confident that God writes the end of that great story called human history. Over a billion people, all around the world, turned to Christ in the mid 21st century and were spared the despair and social chaos of the postmodern secular endgame. This happy multitude repented and received forgiveness of sins at the end of the age. They will gloriously welcome Christ at His second coming.

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus Christ came to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).
5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer:

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: http://www.bnugent.org

(C) 2018 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

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Impossibility of Life Coming From Nonlife Frustrates Evolutionists

Let’s consider the following quote:
“Now Imagine 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 blind persons each with a scrambled Rubik cube, and try to conceive of the chance of them all simultaneously arriving at the solved form. You then have the chance at arriving by random shuffling of just one of the many biopolymers [proteins] on which life depends. The notion that not only the biopolymers but the operating programme of a living cell could be arrived at by chance in a primordial organic soup here on the Earth is evidently nonsense of a high order.”

The above quote passionately argues that the first living cell could not have happened by chance. Who do you suppose wrote those words? Could it have been Billy Graham or some other evangelist? Could it have been the Pope or other high Catholic cleric? Could it have been Israel’s chief rabbi or perhaps a leading Muslim imam? No, the man who wrote those words was the famous British astronomer and cosmologist, Sir Fred Hoyle FRS, a self proclaimed atheist. Hoyle, along with many other leading scientists, over the years, did the math on the complexity of the proteins (biopolymers) of the cell. They see that there is a vanishingly small possibility of even one protein forming by random collisions of atoms.

I have a book filled with hundreds of quotes by secular evolutionist scientists that refute evolution. It’s titled: “That Their Words May Be Used Against Them: Quotes from Evolutionists Useful for Creationists” by Henry Morris, Master Books, 1997. These quotes are from evolutionists, who frankly admit the dubiousness of the scientific underpinnings of the Darwinian theory they publicly claim to believe. These are believers in Darwinism who have, nevertheless, expressed serious doubts. Their quotes are devastating to Darwinism and abiogenesis.

Abiogenesis, also called chemical evolution or “life from nonlife” is the claim that the first living cell came into being through the churning of nonliving chemicals in the primordial soup. Abiogenesis is one of many Achilles’ heels of evolution. A study of the current state of abiogenesis reveals that there are many competing hypotheses of how the first living cell could have formed by unguided unintelligent processes in the early earth.

Theories of abiogenesis currently being studied, promoted and debated include: Deep Sea Vent Theory, Eigen’s hypothesis, Wachtershauser’s hypothesis, Radioactive beach hypothesis, “Genes first” models, “Metabolism first” models, Gold’s “Deep-hot biosphere” model and several others. Notice that several of them are called “hypothesis.” In fact, all of them can be called hypotheses. The term, “hypothesis” essentially means they are below the status of a theory. “Hypo” means “below,” hence “below theory.”

A hypothesis is below a theory because a hypothesis is merely a suggested explanation of phenomena without much evidence. A real theory, such as Einstein’s theory of relativity, is based on much evidence. Relativity has been repeatedly tested and proven by experimental science. The hypotheses of abiogenesis make claims about events that allegedly occurred in the distant past. The life from nonlife hypotheses are essentially stories about what may have happened in the early earth. It is art, not science. It is the art of the storyteller. It is educated men making educated guesses.

In fact, Darwinism itself, though often called “the theory of evolution,” is also really just a hypothesis because it has to do with claims of nonrepeatable events alleged to have occurred in the distant past. Micro-evolution is minor changes in the gene pool of livestock caused by cross breeding which ranchers do every day. Macro-evolution is the radical change of one life form into another such as fish to amphibian. Macro-evolution has never been observed in real time.

The very fact that there are many abiogenesis hypotheses is evidence that scientists are divided and confused. Scientists are befuddled by the mind-bogglingly small probability of random collisions of atoms forming a living cell. Also, origin-of-life scientists have not been able to manufacture a living cell in the laboratory. If random formation of life from nonlife were possible by accident in nature, one would certainly expect scientists would be able to build a simple life form in the lab on purpose. They cannot.

The definition of a living organism is that it must be able to eat, excrete and reproduce. A virus is not a living thing because viruses don’t eat or excrete and they depend on a host cell’s DNA to reproduce. The smallest living things are mycoplasmas which are bacteria that don’t have cell walls. Mycoplasmas have cell membranes but no cell walls. This makes many of them immune to antibiotics. Scientists have not been able to build a mycoplasma or any other “simple” bacteria in the lab. The J. Craig Venter Institute recently synthesized DNA and inserted it into a mycoplasma. They did not build artificial life. They did not build a complete mycoplasma nor did they claim to do so.

The DNA of a mycoplasma can contain over three quarters of a million nucleotide base pairs, all precisely sequenced. Microbiologists now know that the simplest cells are constructed using more than 200 distinct proteins. Even an ordinary protein is immensely complex. An average protein is composed of over 400 amino acids arranged in precise sequence. These 200 plus proteins (along with DNA and RNA) then have to be assembled into a living cell.

Such a “simple” cell, with all of its cellular machinery to build proteins, and its ability to reproduce by cell division is more complex than the computer you’re using to read this. To say it could form by chance is a secular leap of faith. Darwinism is a strained hypothesis. Darwinism is faith, not science. The scientific confusion and frustration over abiogenesis is one more reason for the collapse of evolution. Secular evolutionists want us to bet our souls that there is no God. They do it on the basis of weak hypotheses and wishful thinking. I bet my soul that there is a God! “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth” (Gen. 1:1).

Darwinism is the taproot of secularism. When Darwinism goes down, the whole secular edifice falls with it. The wreckage of humanistic denial of God’s law is evident. The rejection of Christian traditional marriage has resulted in broken families, neglected and abandoned children and the mass murder of the preborn. Millions of women are raising their children alone and in poverty.

God created human beings with a purpose and that purpose is to know God and to enjoy Him forever (Westminster Catechism). God has provided for forgiveness of sins by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel. Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies which were written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. The prophets foretold that He would suffer and die and take the penalty of our sins upon Himself. They foretold that Christ would rise from the dead to offer forgiveness of sins to all who repent and call upon Him. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).
5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13).
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer:

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA email:sonshipmes@aol.com
Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: http://www.bnugent.org

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2018 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

People Who Flee From Evolution but go on to Promote UFOs

by Bill Nugent

 

In postmodern civilization there are two major pillars of secularism. On the one hand is Darwinian evolution and on the other are UFOs. Darwinism appeals to the analytic scientific minded person. UFOs and UFO cults appeal to people who are more intuitive and abstract in their thinking. Darwinism is crumbling as the facts of microbiology and genetics prove that life did not form by random collisions of atoms. Some evolutionists flee from Darwinism and embrace UFOs to explain life origins and destiny.

 

I personally embraced evolution at a very young age. I went from devout Catholic to atheist when I was in the fifth grade because I was taught evolution when I transferred from a parochial school to a public school. I gradually began to doubt atheistic evolution over the next few years. Then, in the eleventh grade, I got ensnared in UFO-ology and its rejection of God. I made the journey from Catholic to evolutionist to follower of UFO literature. Thankfully, I returned to God when the message of salvation through Christ was explained to me very clearly when I was in college.

 

Evolution is taught in government run schools from K through twelve. Children are indoctrinated in evolution at an early age. Evolution is also taught in natural history museums all around the country and through nature magazines and nature TV shows. UFO-ology is not taught in schools but older children are exposed to it through UFO themed TV shows, motion pictures, sci-fi books and most deceptively through UFO cults.

 

First, let’s take a brief look at why Darwinism is failing as a life origins hypothesis. As the science of microbiology progresses it reveals more and more of the complexity of the simplest of living cells. All scientists know that DNA is an immensely complex molecule containing the design of life. More recently the epigenome which surrounds DNA has been discovered and studied by microbiologists. The epigenome is a myriadly complex microscopic structure that surrounds DNA and transfers information to and from DNA.

 

The job of the secular origin of life biologist just got a lot harder. Up until now he couldn’t explain the origin of the first DNA by random collisions of atoms. Now he has a whole new level of complexity in the epigenome that he can’t possibly explain. Darwinism is crashing on the hard rocks of reality.

 

One would hope that secular people would abandon the Darwinian origins myth and join us at church every Sunday. Unfortunately, the grim reality is that many secularists have held onto their atheistic materialist view of life origins and appealed to guided panspermia allegedly conducted by UFOs as a refuge. Guided panspermia is the claim that ancient astronauts in interstellar spacecraft brought living organisms to earth and supposedly gave evolution a jump start. The eminent microbiologist, Francis Crick, (1916 – 2004), who was co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, took an interest in the origin of life. For several years, Crick promoted the idea of guided panspermia to explain life origins.

 

The promotion of guided panspermia by men of science is a not-so-subtle indication of their frustration at trying to explain the origin of life by evolution. They see the failures of Darwinism! The secular biologists have tipped their hand. They are humiliated as Darwinism unravels. Their skepticism of evolution leaves them unmoored. Some embrace UFOs as a last refuge of the damned. What a tragedy.

 

Some of us may be tempted to laugh at the notion of spaceships carrying life to earth but many people are ensnared by this claim and have rejected God as a result. This is no laughing matter.

 

For an evolutionist to appeal to extraterrestrial spacecraft to explain life origins is something that a debater would call a “regress argument” for the evolutionist position. The evolutionist admits that life could never have arisen by random collisions of atoms on earth so he claims it happened elsewhere, on a distant planet, in a distant star system beyond the observation of us earthlings! I contend that since microbiology and genetics prove Darwinian evolution couldn’t happen on earth, we can be certain it couldn’t happen anywhere else in the universe.

 

In guided panspermia we have the joining of two schools of unbelief: Darwinian evolution and extraterrestrials. These are the twin giants of unbelief. Both of these giants crumble and fall under scrutiny. Darwinism falls under the onslaught of advances in the fields of microbiology, genetics and paleontology. UFOs fail as a life origins hypothesis when we consider the evidence that shows that UFOs are not metal spaceships.

 

The claim of extraterrestrial metal spaceships arriving on earth bringing living organisms falls apart when we examine how the laws of physics prevent interstellar space travel across light years of space. If a spacecraft traveling at near the speed of light were to hit a speck of dust it would cause a blast as large as that of an atomic bomb. There are other physical reasons why we should not expect metal spacecraft from deep space to arrive on earth. I agree that many UFOs are real. However, they are not metal spacecraft. They are spirit beings from the realm of spirit.

 

The reason alleged spacecraft from outer space don’t land on the White House lawn or in front of Buckingham Palace or by the Brandenburg Gate is because UFOs are spirits of another dimension who appear as apparitions. The very secretiveness of the UFOs is evidence that they are from the dimensions of the spirit world. They are from the realm of the paranormal.

 

Also, I’ll mention that the SETI institute hasn’t been able to find any radio or other EMF signals from deep space that would have been sent by intelligent life. SETI spent millions of dollars over decades searching for intelligent life but has come up empty.

 

Let me briefly explain where UFOs come from. UFO researchers are divided into two different viewpoints in explaining UFOs. These viewpoints are the extraterrestrial hypothesis and the interdimensional hypothesis. The extraterrestrial hypothesis is the claim that UFOs are metal spaceships with astronauts from planets in star systems within our own physical universe. The interdimensional hypothesis is that UFOs are nonphysical entities or spirits that travel from different dimensions and enter our universe from the unseen spiritual realm.

 

The interdimensional hypothesis is more consistent  with the Bible and the Christian worldview because it can be inferred that the other dimensions from which UFOs travel are the same as the realm of spirit. The Bible certainly teaches about the spirit world.

 

Christian researchers and some secular researchers reject the extraterrestrial hypothesis and maintain the interdimensional view. Famous secular UFO researcher, Jacques Vallee, holds the interdimensional view. In studying UFOs, I’ve come to believe that we’re dealing with intelligent life not from another planet but from another dimension. It’s not astronauts from outer space but spirit beings from the realm of spirit. Malevolent UFO aliens are demons and they can disguise themselves as humanoid beings or astronauts.

 

I’m open to the idea that good angels can also appear as lights in the sky or as lights on earth. In the Bible, in Acts 12:7, we read of an angel appearing to the apostle Peter in light. Also remember that Ezekiel saw some bizarre but holy phenomena recorded in the book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament (Ezekiel 1:4-28). Angels are good spirits that inhabit other dimensions. The dimensions they inhabit are the dimensions of the spirit world. Both angels and demons live in the spiritual dimensions.

 

I regard demonic UFOs who travel from the spirit dimensions as generally of the same category as poltergeists, hauntings, occultism, shamanism and other manifestations of evil spirits. I hold this view because the teachings that are transmitted from aliens to leaders of UFO cults are antibiblical and often lead to bizarre behavior such as the Heaven’s Gate mass suicide. Also, the horrific animal mutilations attributed to UFOs in which animals have their blood drained and have organs removed with surgical precision is further evidence of the demonic origin of UFOs.

 

Have no fear of demons appearing as flying saucers or disguised as extraterrestrial humanoid beings. Don’t be deceived by cult groups claiming New Age, extraterrestrial connections and phenomena. The Bible teaches that Christ is above all and every knee must bow before Christ who conquered sin through His death and resurrection. There are documented cases in which people have thwarted UFO abductions by calling on the name of Jesus Christ for help.

 

The guided panspermia theory offers great appeal to young people in our present age of rocketry and space exploration. The guided panspermia theory is just one more thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God. It must be exposed and vigorously refuted.

 

We must point people to Jesus Christ who came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies written hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of history can match this claim! Jesus worked miracles in front of eyewitnesses and this is recorded in the Gospels of the New Testament. Miracles continue to be worked today by Christians who rely on the power of Christ.

 

Jesus suffered and died to take upon Himself the penalty of our sins, thereby making atonement. He rose from the dead in victory to offer forgiveness of sins to all who turn to Him in repentance. We who receive forgiveness enjoy a one-on-one relationship with God. It is a love relationship with God. Call upon Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

 

Steps to salvation:

Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.

2) Believe that Jesus Christ came to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).

3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).

4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).

5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13). To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: 

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.” 

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart, then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA  Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!  Info and ordering link available at his website: www.bnugent.org

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. <>{

(C) 2018 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

 

 

Three Major Scientific Issues that Disprove Darwinian Evolution

There were two fleas on the back of a large dog. They were deep in the fur and nestled on the warm skin of the dog. One flea says to the other flea: “Sometimes I wonder if there really is a dog.” (from the cartoon, The Far Side).

 

The evidence for the existence of the dog was all around the fleas. It reminds me of the fact that the evidence for the existence of God is all around people. It seems like we have too much evidence. Sometimes we can’t see the forest because of the trees.

 

Today I’d like to point out three major scientific issues that disprove Darwinian evolution. Why refute Darwinism? Why do I pick on Charles Darwin? It’s because Darwinism is the taproot of secularism. It’s the origins myth of materialistic atheism. Evolution is the cornerstone of the edifice of unbelief. All the errors and brutality of modern society flow out of the rejection of God as creator. Darwinian evolution leads to atheism which leads to lawlessness, fascism, communism, genocide, abortion and sexual immorality.

 

The “Three strikes, you’re out” method of refuting Darwinian evolution focuses on three riddles Darwinism cannot solve. These three riddles are:


1) Due to the extreme complexity of the simplest living cell, the first life could not possibly have formed by random collisions of atoms in the early earth.

 

2) The science of genetics proves that genetic mutations are destructive errors in the DNA and mutations don’t add useful information to the DNA. Mutations degrade and garble genetic coding. New biological structures require new base pairs added to DNA. Evolution has no genetic mechanism to add new structures to living organisms.

 

3) The fossil record shows numerous examples of fossils out of order, including hundreds of examples of modern looking bird and mammal fossils in the Cretaceous dinosaur rock layers.

 

Let’s look closer at each of these three riddles one at a time:

 

Riddle #1:  The first riddle is the fact of the extreme complexity of the simplest living cell. Origin of life biologists can’t even agree on a standard theory of a random process for how DNA, RNA and proteins could have formed by chance and assembled themselves into a living cell. Science works against Darwinism here because the more microbiology progresses, the more it reveals the irreducible complexity and interdependence of structures within the simplest of single-celled organisms.

 

For instance, a single celled algae is able to produce sugars by photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is an extremely complex process involving a multitude of enzymes and co-factors to turn light energy into chemical energy.

 

Seventeen enzymes are required to assemble chlorophyll. Each enzyme is a complex molecule. If one enzyme is missing chlorophyll is not made. There are many other steps in photosynthesis. Darwinists claim photosynthesis came about by accident, by random unguided processes in the early earth. There is, however, no conceivable step by step process that could produce the complex proteins and enzymes and assemble them by happenstance into photosynthesis structures within cells even in a trillion years.

 

Riddle #2:  As the field of modern genetics progresses we learn more and more about mutations to DNA. The DNA molecule is a long string of nucleotide base pairs which contain design information like words in a book. Genetic mutations scramble or delete nucleotide base pairs in the DNA. Darwinism requires the addition of vast amounts of new, precisely ordered information into the DNA. Mutations result in degraded information, garbled information or loss of information but never adding the type of quality information that could have put feathers on a reptile to make a bird. Even mutations that cause duplication of a gene don’t add information but merely duplicate information that was already in the DNA.

 

Mutations are typically caused by radiation or toxic chemicals that interfere with the replication of DNA during cell division. Radiation and toxic chemicals do not bring new nucleotide base pairs into the DNA to add new coding to the DNA. It would take a huge amount of new base pairs added to the DNA, for instance, to add the design of wings to enable a small rodent to evolve into a bat. Not only do thousands of new base pairs have to be added to the DNA but they have to be properly sequenced. Random processes simply cannot do this. The science of genetics is no friend of Darwinian evolution.

 

Riddle #3:  Dr. Carl Werner, in his book Living Fossils gives much evidence, presented in a scholarly, academic way that documents the fact that mammal and bird fossils have been found in the Cretaceous rock layers among dinosaur fossils. Dr. Werner visited sixty natural history museums and ten dinosaur dig sites in seven countries and consulted paleontologists who revealed the finds of owls, ducks, parrots and other modern birds among dinosaur fossils. Mammal fossils have also been found in abundance among dinosaur fossils. The mammal fossils resemble modern squirrels, beavers, primates and many others.

 

Dr. Werner interviewed paleontologist Dr. William Clemons of University of California, Berkeley. Clemons told Werner of the finding of a parrot fossil and many other bird fossils in a dinosaur fossil rock layer. This, of course, is totally inconsistent with Darwinism and refutes the theory. Darwinian evolutionists claim that dinosaurs are the ancestors of birds yet many modern birds are fossilized together with dinosaurs.

 

The fossil record is consistent with the longstanding creationist claim that an intelligent designer, namely the creator God, created all living things in substantially the same forms as they are today. God created life that reproduces “after their kind” (Genesis 1:25). One kind of animal does not reproduce into a different kind of animal.

 

In the three riddles, science is working against Darwinian evolution. New findings in microbiologygenetics and the fossil record are undermining the claims of evolution. The long knives of scientific facts are circling Darwinism and cutting it to pieces. As Darwinian evolution is exposed as inconsistent with documented scientific evidence it is rejected by more and more people. The secularists have no other origins myth to replace the crumbling Darwinian hypothesis.

 

The bottom line is that all people, including scientists, must return to the creator God. I’m pleased and encouraged by the growing number of scientists who have become creationists. Some have affiliated with the  Institute for Creation Research and other creationist organizations. Many secular scientists have become part of the Intelligent Design movement.and have affiliated with The Discovery Institute based in Seattle, Washington.

 

The collapse of Darwinism has caused many people to take a new look at Christianity. When Jesus came to the Jewish people, He worked miracles of healing in the presence of eyewitnesses that proved He was sent by God. Miracles of healing still occur today in meetings held by Christian evangelists and pastors.

 

Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. The prophets foretold that Christ would come and live a sinless life and then suffer and die, taking upon Himself the penalty we deserved for our sins, thereby making atonement. Christ rose from the dead to offer forgiveness of sins to all who call upon Him. Those who receive forgiveness walk with God in a personal one-on-one relationship with God. It’s a love relationship with God. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

 

My Personal Journey Through Darwinian Evolution

Sitting in public school science class in the fifth grade, I saw a classmate flip through an evolution picture book. The boy excitedly exclaimed that apes could turn into people over time.  I got a dramatic lesson in evolution in that teachable moment. I was converted to the religion of blind chance plus apes equals human beings. It was the year 1966 and I had recently made the transition from Catholic parochial school to public school. I went from being a devout Catholic to budding atheist within a few months.

 

Darwinism is the taproot of secularism. Darwinian evolution is the origins myth of atheism. Darwinism is taught in public schools at taxpayer expense and it destroys the faith of many. I was one of millions of young people who cast aside Christian faith and morals.

 

I was a very serious little boy. Before my embrace of atheism I was very religious and conscientious. I was the teacher’s pet. I observed things. I analyzed and pondered. For years I paid close attention in religion class in Saint Mary’s Elementary School in Katonah, New York. I remember a nun teaching me that Christ was raised from the dead. My parents took me to Saint Mary’s church every Sunday. I went to confession every few months and did acts of contrition as commanded to me by the priests.

 

Paradoxically, I also had a great interest in nature. I loved the outdoor world. I spent countless hours at nearby Todd’s Pond, catching turtles and frogs. I also had an interest in dinosaurs and fossils. My parents took me to the Museum of Natural History in New York City. The full scale skeletons of dinosaurs were fascinating for adults, much more so to an impressionable child.

 

I learned about fossils and paleontology at an earlier age than most kids in the New York City suburbs. My inordinate interest in fossils set me up for the public school lessons on atheistic, blind chance, goo to you by way of the zoo, Darwinian evolution. I swallowed it hook line and sinker. The public school teachers seldom mentioned the gaps in the fossil record or the lack of transitional forms.

 

My devout Catholicism fell by the wayside. Atheism seemed so liberating. I didn’t have to obey religious laws, rules, precepts and commands. I could make my own rules and break any rules anytime. I could live for myself and live for pleasure. I began to live recklessly and got into trouble.

 

As a ten year old kid I didn’t do much in the way of grievous sin or varsity venality. As I got older, though, my troubles increased. As I got bigger, my sins got bigger. Foul language and schoolboy pranks grew into drugs, drunkenness and larceny. I was headed downhill fast by the time I arrived on college campus in the fall of ’74.

 

Getting back to my public school lessons on evolution, I found it easy to believe that the accumulation of beneficial mutations in DNA could change one animal into another. We studied genetics in biology class in the ninth grade. It all seemed so simple and so reasonable. Reasonable, that is, until you looked at it a little more closely. In my extensive studies in genetics since those early boyhood years, I’ve come to find out that beneficial genetic mutations are an extremely tiny percentage of the overall number of mutations. Mutations are overwhelmingly destructive to the DNA.

 

Any internet search of genetic diseases will show thousands of diseases and conditions caused by bad mutations. Thousands of diseases caused by genetic mutations are listed on websites all over the internet. There are only a few, perhaps a dozen, beneficial genetic mutations in the human genome being studied. Any geneticist will freely admit that beneficial mutations are extremely rare. Creationists and even many nonreligious scientists see this as a major flaw in the evolution hypothesis. I wish I knew that when I was ten or fifteen or eighteen years old!

 

Also consider that mutations don’t add new information to the DNA that would cause the addition of new biological structures. The mutagenic chemicals and radiation that causes mutations don’t bring new, additional nucleotide base pairs to the DNA. Nucleotide base pairs are like letters of words giving information in DNA. It would take thousands, if not millions of new base pairs added to the DNA to put wings on a lizard to make a bird or add a smart brain to an ape to make a human. Radiation does not add base pairs to DNA.

 

Now, many years after my primary school indoctrination into the church of Darwin, I look at nature in a different way. I see superbly engineered, fine tuned biological structures. I see the retractable poisonous fangs of a snake with its poison bladders and ducts. How could that gradually form, step by step, by accident? I read that it takes 30 muscles to flap the wings of an insect. The metamorphosis of a caterpillar into a butterfly is an amazingly complex and inscrutable process in a “simple” lower form of life. These structures are irreducibly complex, meaning that a partially formed organ system such as the fangs of a snake would be very disadvantageous. The fang and poison bladder system of a snake would have to be formed all at once or not at all.

 

Mutations simply shuffle pre-existing base pairs in DNA, usually causing a loss of information. There is virtually never a net gain of any useful information in DNA caused by mutations. Even genetic duplication is just an extra copy of pre-existing base pairs in the DNA.

 

In public school I was not informed of the glaring flaws in the theory of evolution. The genetic evidence and even the fossil evidence that undermined Darwinism was seldom, if ever discussed. There are many skunks in the woodpile of Darwinism. I was not allowed to see them or smell them. Darwinism was taught in a biased way as the dogma of a new secular faith. It would be many years later that I would read scientific literature that exposed the major shortcomings of Darwinism.

 

However, as a young teenager, I began to hear of reports of Christian miracles. There were reliable reports of extraordinary miraculous healings that occurred in answer to prayer. My own father, Paul C. Nugent, told me of some accounts of miracles.

 

The nuns in Catholic school had taught me, back when I was in parochial school, that the prophets foretold the coming of Christ. Fulfillment of prophecy is also a type of miracle. I pondered these things. As a young atheist, hearing about miracles and reflecting on my boyhood Christian training, I began to doubt atheism.

 

I also came to find out that Christ died for our sins. Christ died in our place. The prophets foretold in Isaiah 53 and other Old Testament passages that Christ, in His suffering and death, would bear the penalty of our sins. I never understood that or had it clearly explained to me in my parochial school training in Catholicism. The nuns taught many things from the Bible and from the Catholic catechism but I don’t remember anything on substitutionary atonement.

 

I eventually learned that the Bible teaches that our good works can’t earn salvation. Good works are important but only the atoning death of Christ could pay the penalty of our sins and give us forgiveness of sins and right standing with God.

 

“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast” (Ephesians 2:8-9). “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God” (First Peter 3:18).

 

I turned away from my sins as a young man in college and made a commitment to Christ. I received Christ as Savior and I follow Him as Lord. I left evolution behind. I regard Darwinism as a flawed hypothesis. I continue to enjoy nature and I realize that even nature itself, by its very complexity, reveals the work of the Creator. I invite you to turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins.

 

Steps to salvation: Jesus said “Ye must be born again” (John 3:7).

1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.

2) Believe that Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you, to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18).

3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of sins (Romans 10:13).

4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth (John 1:12, Acts 2:38).

5) Follow Jesus Christ as Lord (John 14:15).

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13). To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: 

“Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask you to forgive me on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.” 

If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA

Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!  Info and ordering link available at his website: www.bnugent.org

(C) 2017 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

The Lack of Beneficial DNA Mutations is Troubling

There are over seven billion people alive on earth today. The DNA of all people is well over 99% similar. The less than one percent difference is in minor details including skin color and facial features. The “races” are each fully human and there is no subspecies of humans possessing markedly different DNA.
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Darwinian evolutionists claim that humans evolved from an ape-like common ancestor that lived 5 to 7 million years ago and they claim that the chimpanzee is our nearest animal relative. Evolutionists claim that evolution is still occurring today among humans. They claim that human evolution is driven by beneficial DNA mutations. Where are all the beneficial mutations?
 ,
I did several web searches, including “beneficial human mutations” and “genetic mutation disease.” What I found was extremely revealing and it served to severely undermine the theory of Darwinian evolution.
 ,
Let’s start with an article from an evolutionist. I read an article titled: “Evolution is Still Happening: Beneficial Mutations in Humans” by Adam Lee which is posted on an evolutionist blog. He describes a total of five beneficial human mutations:
 ,
1) The mutation, Apolipoprotein AI-Milano gives resistance to heart disease.
2) Mutation to the LRP5 gene gives greater bone density and resistance to osteoporosis and fractures.
3) Mutation to Hbs gene gives resistance to malaria but two copies gives the dreaded sickle cell anemia. (Why is this on a list of beneficial mutations?)
4) Mutation to HbC gene gives resistance to malaria and two copies gives greater resistance to malaria but also gives mild anemia.
5) His fifth example is the rare Tetrachromatic vision mutation for which he mentions one study in which at least one woman had a mutation giving her four color discriminating cones in her eyes which gives her greater color discrimination.
 ,
Adam Lee includes the following absurd claim that these “beneficial mutations are the raw material that may, in time, be taken up by natural selection and spread through the population.” One could argue that the above mutations do confer a limited degree of advantage and survivability of offspring. To claim that such mutations “spread through the population” is to give the impression that mutations simply spread through a gene pool like an infectious disease!
 ,
Mutations to DNA are transmitted to other humans by only one mechanism, namely, reproduction. Those with a beneficial mutation will enjoy a slightly higher degree of survival and produce more offspring that survive. For any beneficial mutation to predominate in the human gene pool and advance humans one small step in evolution would require hundreds of generations. During these hundreds of generations, the unfortunate humans without the beneficial mutation would gradually die off and gradually be replaced by the humans with the slightly higher survivability rate. The gene pool would then have the beneficial mutation as a feature in the genes of all humans.
 ,
Why do I insist that the beneficial mutation be substituted into the DNA of all humans? That’s because, as mentioned above, the DNA of all of the human race is over 99% similar and there is no subspecies of humans with DNA containing significant beneficial mutations that would set them apart. This scientifically verified uniformity of the gene pool shows that any alleged evolution in the past must have resulted in substitution of genetic mutations into the entire gene pool of 7 billion humans spread across six continents.
 ,
All humans have the same brain structure; all have thumbs as opposing finger digits; all have the same knee structure that facilitates walking upright; all have hair on the head but little to no hair on the body. All people are remarkably similar whether from northern Sweden or central Africa. All people groups can intermarry and reproduce.
 ,
The long complex process of a beneficial mutation being substituted into a gene pool is a feature of population genetics. The fact that it takes hundreds of generations to fully substitute a mutation into a population has been calculated by Haldane and others. The fact that 7 million years is not enough time to substitute the millions of mutations needed to change an ape into a human is called Haldane’s Dilemma after evolution researcher, J. B. S. Haldane.
 ,
Let’s look at Adam Lee’s list of beneficial mutations. I find the mutation that causes greater bone density to be especially intriguing. Let’s look at what’s really going on in the human gene pool of 7 billion individuals. Do people with this bone density mutation reproduce at a higher rate than others? Are they having ten or twelve children in their families? Adam Lee’s article mentions only one family in the Midwestern United States with this mutation and he says nothing about their reproduction rate. Does a guy say “Give me a gal with dense bones and I’ll marry her and we’ll have twelve kids!”?
 ,
What about the mutation that gives resistance to heart disease? It benefits middle aged people. People die of heart disease in their fifties and later and that’s long after they have kids. How would that mutation influence their rate of reproduction?
 ,
Does observational science see any of these or other beneficial mutations gradually being substituted into the human gene pool? Is there a subspecies of humans developing with beneficial mutations and becoming a master race? (Don’t ask the Germans!) The answer is a resounding no! Beneficial mutations are few, isolated and not much more than curiosities.
 ,
I also did a web search on genetic mutation diseases. I had read in an article that there are thousands of diseases caused by bad mutations. I thought surely “thousands” of such diseases was an exaggeration. That is until I web searched such diseases. I found a Wikipedia site that  gave an extremely long list of genetic mutation related diseases.
 ,
I’ve heard of Down syndrome and cystic Fibrosis but what about Noack syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type II, Menkes disease and Menkea syndrome? The list, tragically, goes on and on! It shows that bad mutations overwhelmingly outnumber the good. This is just further evidence that mutations are no mechanism for uphill evolutionary change.
 ,
The bottom line is that observational science clearly shows that beneficial mutations are rare, only slightly advantageous to reproduction rates and can’t dominate in the human gene pool due to Haldane’s dilemma even if millions of years are claimed.
 ,
The more the science of genetics progresses, the more it reveals the mind boggling complexity of human DNA as an information storage and retrieval system. Science shows that such a complex system as DNA is seldom improved by tweaks caused by mutations. Studies overwhelmingly show that genetic mutations are destructive errors that scramble or delete pre-existing information in the DNA. Most importantly, researchers have discovered that mutations, whether good or bad, almost never add new information to the DNA. Some researchers say that mutations never add new information to DNA.
 ,
The best scientific evidence shows that complex, interdependant biological systems are evidence of deliberate intelligent design. This design argument is called the teleological argument for the existence of a designer. I maintain that life was designed and built by an intelligent designer who is the Creator God. God created sentient beings, called humans, for a purpose. That purpose is to love God and to enjoy Him forever.
 ,
Jesus Christ came in fulfillment of over 300 prophecies that were written in the Old Testament hundreds of years before His birth. No other person in all of world history can make this claim. The prophecies foretold that Christ would suffer and die, taking the penalty of our sins upon Himself, thus making atonement. The prophecies foretold that He would rise from the dead and that He would offer forgiveness of sins to all who repent and call upon Him. Turn to Jesus Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!
 ,
Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.”
(John 3:7)
,
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you to take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)

Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for us at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on our behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed this prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

,
Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available at his website: www.gracelawandsonship.com
Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. <>{
(C) 2016 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach.

Proof that Genetic Mutations are Not a Mechanism for Evolution

Darwinists claim that the accumulation of favorable genetic mutations is how humans evolved from “goo to you by way of the zoo.” Recent advances in the science of genetics, especially the mapping of the human genome (DNA) and the mapping of animal genomes, has exposed the impossibility of mutations of being a Darwinian change mechanism.

You may remember from biology class that the DNA of humans and animals is composed of long chains of nucleotide base pairs. The base pairs are like the letters of an alphabet that contain information and that information is the design or body plan of the organism. A mutation is a change in the order or “sequence” of the base pairs or an elimination of base pairs or a duplication of base pairs.

All sides agree that mutations are rare and the large majority of mutations are either unfavorable or neutral. Of extreme importance to note is that mutations don’t add new information to the DNA. Mutations simply shuffle or delete pre-existing information. Mutations garble information. You’ve heard on the news that a virus has mutated but they often neglect to say that the mutation of the virus DNA resulted in a net loss of information in the virus DNA. No mutation has been shown to result in a net addition of information. No mutation adds base pairs except in cases of duplication of genes. Genetic duplication is simply giving the DNA an extra copy of the gene. It is not new information.

Some Darwinian scientists may be so bold as to claim that in rare instances mutations add new information to the DNA. However, the evidence furnished by real operational genetic science is against them.

Now let’s look at a simple illustration. In the jungle of East Africa there is an australopithecine ape. Evolutionists would call it a proto-human or prehuman. It walks on all fours and is just starting to leave the jungle and hunt in the surrounding fields. According to Darwinism it’s on its way to evolving into a human. Let’s say that a genetic mutation involving just 52 base pairs is about to happen to a gamete cell (reproductive cell such as egg or sperm) in the ape that will affect the design of the knee in the future offspring of the ape. The knee is the most complex and finely tuned joint in the ape’s body.

The design of an ape’s knee is likely determined by the sequence of thousands or perhaps tens of thousands of base pairs in the DNA. For simplicity let’s say that a reshuffling of just 52 base pairs can substantially alter knee structure in this ape’s offspring that will enable it to walk slightly more upright. But those 52 base pairs have to be shuffled into just the right sequence to affect the design of the knee in this advantageous way.

Fifty two happens to be the number of cards in a deck of ordinary playing cards. Let’s say that the reshuffling of the 52 base pairs to put the base pairs in a precise advantageous sequence is like shuffling a deck of cards and getting all four suits of cards in straight flush. Imagine shuffling cards and getting the hearts all in order: 2 of hearts, 3 of hearts, 4 of hearts all the way up to queen, king and ace of hearts and then the same for diamonds, clubs and spades.

Let’s say that radiation hits the gamete, causing a mutation involving 52 base pairs and the base pairs are reshuffled. The DNA doesn’t gain information but the preexisting information is garbled and it affects the design of the knee in a way that enables the ape offspring to walk slightly more upright. What is the probability of this actually happening in nature? That is a very big and important question!

Darwinism says that evolution is an unguided process involving genetic mutations that happen by blind chance. Natural selection then sorts out the products of blind chance and eliminates the weak. Natural selection is not a guiding mechanism but is a sorting mechanism.

Get out a deck of cards and start shuffling. Did you shuffle and get all four suits in straight flush? No? Let’s try again and again. Let’s calculate the odds of getting a 52 card straight flush. What is the chance that the first card in a newly shuffled deck comes out to be a 2 of hearts? That’s easy, it’s 1 in 52. You shuffle your deck 52 times and on average the 2 of hearts would be on top only once in that 52 shufflings. And once you’ve gotten that card to come up first what’s the chance of the second card being the 3 of hearts? That too is easy, it’s 1 in 51. The chance of getting just the first two cards in the right order would be 1 in 52 x 51 which would equal 1 in 2,652. Imagine sitting at your desk and shuffling a deck of cards 2,652 times just to have the top two cards be a 2 of hearts and a 3 of hearts one time during all that shuffling!

You then realize that the number of possible combinations of 52 cards is expressed by what your math teacher called “factorial 52” which is 52 x 51 x 50 x 49 x 48 x 47 x 46 . . . x 3 x 2 x 1. You get out your calculator and find that factorial 52 is equal to a sum greater than 8.07 x 10 to the 67th power! Think about how huge that number is. Scientists have estimated that the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy is only 1 x 10 to the 65th power. The number of possible combinations of cards in an ordinary 52 card deck is nearly a thousand times greater than the number of atoms in the Milky Way Galaxy!

Now let’s see if we can get a 52 card straight flush by randomly shuffling decks of cards. If we were to put six and a half billion people to work shuffling decks of cards and they shuffled the card decks at the rate of one million decks per second and we employed them for fifteen billion years you would have less than a tenth of one percent chance of coming up with a 52 card hearts to spades straight flush in any of those decks at the end of fifteen billion years!!!

Now imagine a mutation that shuffles 52 base pairs in an ape’s DNA. If even one base pair is in the wrong sequence that could make the mutation disadvantageous. Even one base pair out of order could make the knee joint of the ape dysfunctional. Our card illustration showed that even if there were a million mutations per second there would be less than a tenth of one percent chance of getting that one properly sequenced 52 base pair favorable mutation in 15 billion years!

According to the results of the prodigious effort to map the human genome, human DNA contains about one billion nucleotide base pairs arranged in precise sequence. If even one is out of sequence it can be disadvantageous or even in some cases fatal to the human body. Chimpanzee DNA has also been mapped. Geneticists have determined that there are more than 30 million differences in nucleotide base pair sequences between chimpanzee DNA and human DNA. Evolutionists claim that chimps are our closest “cousins” and that chimps and humans supposedly evolved from the same apelike ancestor. Imagine the sheer number of favorable mutations and the number of base pairs involved that the Darwinist claims to have occurred during the alleged evolution from apelike creature to human!

The bottom line is that Darwinian blind chance shuffling of DNA base pairs caused by radiation or chemical mutagens is not even remotely capable of causing uphill macroevolutionary change in plants, animals or humans! The genetic evidence clearly points to the inadequacy of mutations as being the mechanism of evolution. This is just one of many fatal flaws in the theory of Darwinian evolution. Since secularists have no backup theory of materialistic origins they have to defend evolution tooth and nail or abandon secularism altogether and become theists.

All of the secularists, atheists and agnostics are surrounded by evidence that points to the necessity of God as Creator. As Romans 1:20 says: “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse” (NASB).

God has provided for our redemption by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel. Jesus came in fulfillment of over 300 Old Testament prophecies. No other figure in all of world history can make this claim! Jesus died for our sins which means that when He suffered and died He took the penalty of our sins upon Himself. He rose from the dead to offer forgiveness to all who call upon Him. Turn to Christ today to receive forgiveness of sins!

Steps to salvation:
Jesus said “Ye must be born again.” (John 3:7)
1) Believe that God created you and loves you and sent the Messiah (Messiah is Hebrew for Christ) to redeem you.
2) Believe that Jesus the Messiah came in fulfillment of over 300 Bible prophecies to die for you and take upon Himself the penalty of your sins. (Isaiah 53:5-6, John 6:29, Romans 4:5, First Peter 3:18)
3) Turn from sin and call on the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness. (Romans 10:13)
4) Receive Jesus as Savior and experience the new birth. (John 1:12, Acts 2:38)
5) Follow Him as Lord. (John 14:21)
Prayer to receive salvation:

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13)
To receive the salvation that Jesus purchased for you at the terrible cost of His suffering and death on your behalf I invite you to pray this simple prayer: “Dear heavenly Father, I thank you for sending Jesus, the promised Messiah, to die for my sins. I admit that I am a sinner. I repent of my sins and I ask for your forgiveness on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I ask you to fill me with your Holy Spirit to empower me to serve you under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, Amen.”
If you prayed that prayer in the humble sincerity of your heart then you have received everlasting life, which includes power to live right in this life and entrance into heaven in the afterlife!

Bill Nugent, Overcomer Ministries of West Harrison, New York, USA
New Christian book, Lawful or Legalistic by Bill Nugent available in paperback!
Info and ordering link available on his website: http://www.gracelawandsonship.com

Back issues of Defending the Faith archived on website. {
(C) 2014 William P. Nugent, permission granted to email or republish for Christian outreach purposes.